Women's Entrepreneurship in Iran: Role Models of by Leyla Sarfaraz

By Leyla Sarfaraz

This ebook provides the character, demanding situations and profitable instances of girl entrepreneurship in Iran. the 1st a part of the booklet presents a entire perception into Iran’s entrepreneurship environment and its accessibility for ladies by way of exploring and interpreting info from proper nationwide and overseas assets, particularly from the Statistical middle of Iran, worldwide Entrepreneurship visual display unit, global financial institution (Doing enterprise, Gender Equality and Development), international fiscal discussion board (Global Gender hole record, worldwide Competitiveness Report), and the United countries improvement Plan. developments in entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions, in addition to advancements in entrepreneurial task in Iran from 2008 to 2013, also are studied for either genders. on the way to determine a benchmark for the relative place of Iranian ladies within the sector, the most similar indices also are in comparison to these in Egypt, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. In flip, the second one a part of the booklet highlights chosen function versions of growth-oriented lady Iranian marketers who've effectively run quite a few routinely male-dominated companies in Iran and the world over, regardless of the adversarial enterprise surroundings and numerous gender stereotypes.

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By Leyla Sarfaraz

This ebook provides the character, demanding situations and profitable instances of girl entrepreneurship in Iran. the 1st a part of the booklet presents a entire perception into Iran’s entrepreneurship environment and its accessibility for ladies by way of exploring and interpreting info from proper nationwide and overseas assets, particularly from the Statistical middle of Iran, worldwide Entrepreneurship visual display unit, global financial institution (Doing enterprise, Gender Equality and Development), international fiscal discussion board (Global Gender hole record, worldwide Competitiveness Report), and the United countries improvement Plan. developments in entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions, in addition to advancements in entrepreneurial task in Iran from 2008 to 2013, also are studied for either genders. on the way to determine a benchmark for the relative place of Iranian ladies within the sector, the most similar indices also are in comparison to these in Egypt, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. In flip, the second one a part of the booklet highlights chosen function versions of growth-oriented lady Iranian marketers who've effectively run quite a few routinely male-dominated companies in Iran and the world over, regardless of the adversarial enterprise surroundings and numerous gender stereotypes.

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Extra resources for Women's Entrepreneurship in Iran: Role Models of Growth-Oriented Iranian Women Entrepreneurs

Example text

8 Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions The dynamics of entrepreneurship is greatly affected by the business environment and the entrepreneurship ecosystem. The creation of new firms and the sustainability of the enterprises are dependent on the entrepreneurial socio-economic environment. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) provides a model known as the “National Expert Survey” (NES) to measure the Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions (EFC) across the globe. NES provides a general understanding of how experts evaluate the EFC of a country.

Iran. United Nations Population Fund, University of Tehran and Statistical Research and Training Center Allen E, Langowitz N, Minniti M (2007) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2006. Report on women and entrepreneurship, The Center for Women’s Leadership at Babson College, and London Business School, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA) Allen E, Elam A, Langowitz N et al (2008) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2007. Report on women and entrepreneurship, Babson College, the Center for Women’s Leadership at Babson College, Lawrence N.

6 shows the increasing gender gap in male and female labor force status in recent years. 2 2013 Male 2014 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2011 2012 Female Fig. 2 10 0 Rural Fig. 2) in 2014. 05 % of GDP in 2011) and the increasing number of young women with university degrees, the gender gap in economic participation rate in the country is still very significant in favor of men. Gender disparity in economic participation is more noticeable in urban areas compared to rural areas. 64 times women). The rate of female economic activity has been persistently lower compared to their male counterparts in the urban as well as rural areas.

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