By James McCalla
Even on the finish of the turbulent 20th century, the standard definition of chamber song turns out consistent and safe: song played by way of a small staff of gamers, regularly numbering among and 9, one on a component, frequently and not using a conductor (to inspire individuality as a vital a part of its collectiveness), and emphasizing subtlety and intimacy over a grandeur greater learned within the symphony corridor or opera apartment. it really is very unlikely to posit as a considered necessary of chamber track both “transcendence” (over the intended obviousness of orchestral track or opera) or “lyricism” (reflecting a love of expressive individuality). attempting to make such differences between Mozart’s C-Major Quintet, his “Jupiter” Symphony, and almost any of his operas, among Beethoven’s Op. 131 String Quartet and his 9th Symphony, or among Bartók’s Sonata for Solo Violin and Stravinsky’s Symphony of Psalms will depart the author dealing with mind-numbing generalizations or niceties of contrast. With all that's new within the chamber song of this century, the normal standards nonetheless carry.
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Extra info for Twentieth-Century Chamber Music (Routledge Studies in Musical Genre)
Textures are thickened by the rarity of common or simultaneous attacks from more than one instrument, an even stronger element than the polyrhythms that are usually cited in this music. ) Given the constant textural interest of Marteau, ranging from heterophony to monophony, and the sensuous beauty of the timbres, one should hear the work as exploiting these elements to shape phrases and rhythms, and using these in turn to “set” the voice, literally to contextualize Char’s texts. The cycle around “L’artisanat furieux” is introductory and somewhat distanced.
In this sense, in his having recreated an experience, Ives has recovered a time that he and his society had lost; and in this sense the sonata surpasses simple narrative, simple programmatic description. In contrast, the First Sonata is more abstract in its design, although it also uses a few hymn tunes extensively, and its effect is one of time’s passing, not of its re-creation and reliving. Ives has given us program notes for this sonata as well: This Sonata is in part a general impression, a kind of reflection and remembrance, of the people’s outdoor gatherings in which men got up and said what they thought, regardless of consequences—of holiday celebrations and camp meetings in the 80’s and 90’s—suggesting some of the songs, tunes and hymns, together with some of the sounds of nature joining in from the mountains….
The succession itself, as well as the nature of the motives, gives this section its churning turbulence; and Schoenberg avoids any closure, any sense of relaxation or détente throughout. The most Twentieth-century chamber music 10 important motives are c, with which we begin and end; d, which we first hear doubled in octaves and in canon with itself (a beat later in the second violin and first cello), and which leads to the first big deceptive cadence; and e, which underlies most of the section.