By H. C. Adler (auth.), R. Moss (eds.)
The delivery of farm farm animals was once the topic of the seminar held from 7 - eight July 1981 on the fee of the eu groups (CECl, Directorate basic for Agriculture, Brussels as a part of the paintings of the department Coordinating Agricultural examine. The goals of the seminar have been to envision the data on hand on how the body structure and behavior of animals could switch in the course of delivery; to contemplate the importance of those alterations relating to welfare and economics and to evaluate these activities which as experimental tasks or observational experiences should be proposed to fill crucial gaps in our wisdom of the welfare of livestock in the course of delivery. a couple of conclusions could be drawn from the complaints: 1. a lot wisdom is accessible from either medical observations and functional adventure which may be used to enhance the shipping of cattle. tools of loading, the development of cars, ships, crates and plane may benefit from the applying of current wisdom. it really is much less transparent if it is most sensible to pay attention to disseminating current wisdom via schooling and recommendation or to consider extra laws. 2. Losses through down-grading at slaughter can mostly be attributed to the ways that animals are transported and handled.
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Additional info for Transport of Animals Intended for Breeding, Production and Slaughter: A Seminar in the CEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Animal Welfare, organised by R. Moss, and held in Brussels, 7–8 July, 1981
Some factors alone would not kill a pig but, coupled with other factors, might well do so. The same thing must be said for all the factors which are able to produce bad meat quality. Very often bad meat quality is the result of the sum of many factors arising from poor transport and handling conditions on the way from the farm and to the stunning box. Dl SCUSS ION R. Dantzer (Franae) What is your explanation of the relationship between the loading density and mortality rate? Do you think this is related to the problem of air circulation between the animals?
49 40,5 ,, ,, , space in m2 per 100 kg body weight 40,0 39,5 2 0,42 - 0,51 m 39,0 2 0,51 m (air tenperatuE~ +12 - +27 oC) 38,5 I 20 Fig. 4. I 40 60 min after transport Body temperature of pigs related to loading density during transport; the temperature was taken immediately after transport and after a rest period of one hour. During the SUITIDer when there are high air temperatures and there is high humidity we have to allow 15% more space. There is a strong correlation between the mortality rate during transport and the so-called 'Schw~lefaktor', plus 2 x water content in mg/l) (Figure 6).
33 During manual de-stacking the crates are not always kept in a horizontal position so that sometimes all broilers are pressed together along one side of that crate. Removing the broilers from the crates and hanging them onto the shackle of the overhead conveyor is done rather roughly in practice. In a processing plant which slaughters 6 000 broilers per hour, a man from the 'hanging crew' has to hang one bird every 5 sec onto a shackle. Some processors are thinking of conveying the birds on a belt without crates, since this may be expected to result in an increase in the hangers' efficiency, as they can then pick up the broilers more easily.