By Taro Kageyama, Wesley M Jacobsen
This selection of papers is the 1st booklet ever released in English that offers special analyses of valency and transitivity alternations in eastern from multifaceted standpoints: morphology, semantics, syntax, dialects, historical past, acquisition, and language typology.
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Additional resources for Transitivity and Valency Alternations: Studies on Japanese and Beyond
Transitivizing and detransitivizing languages. Linguistic Typology 8. 149–211. NINJAL. 2014. The world atlas of transitivity pairs. jp/en/ Tokyo: National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics. ). 1991. Nihongo no voisu to tadōsei [Voice and transitivity in Japanese]. Tokyo: Kurosio Publishers. Okutsu, Keiichiro. 1976. Jidōshika, tadōshika oyobi ryōkyokuka-tenkei [Transitivization, intransitivization and bipolarization of Japanese verbs]. Kokugogaku 70. 46–66. Schäfer, Florian. 2008. The syntax of (anti-)causatives: External arguments in change-of-state contexts.
Part V: Beyond Japanese The final Part V of the volume presents three studies on transitivity alternations and related grammatical phenomena from a cross-linguistic typological perspective. g. transitives vs. intransitives). g. g. g. g. g. g. polysemy between passive/anticausative and antipassive). Focusing on categories (a), (c), and (d), Malchukov suggests that an explanation of voice polysemies may partly reside in shared syntactic features, which he summarizes in the form of a semantic map.
In each case the vowel stem appears derived, but which stem is transitive and which is intransitive is unpredictable. These alternations are mastered only at later stages of first language acquisition (see Murasugi this volume), but they are consistently observed with minor variation across Japanese languages and dialects. Frellesvig and Whitman reconstruct in this chapter a diachronic source for these stem-shape-based transitivity alternations, positing an older layer of verbal derivation in Japanese involving Verb-Verb patterns where V2 was attached directly to the basic stem (root) of V1, unlike later stages of the language where verbal derivation requires a derived stem (primarily the infinitive) of V1.