By Thomas L. Neff
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Additional info for The Social Costs of Solar Energy. A Study of Photovoltaic Energy Systems
However, worker health hazards exist for all three technologies; these hazards must not only be assessed in detail, they must also be eliminated when possible and in other cases must be understood and accepted by the public and by the workers involved before large-scale commitments are made to particular production sequences. REFERENCES 1. "Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in the United States by Industry," Bulletin 1932. S. Department of Labor, 1974. 30 The Social Costs of Solar Energy 2. Accident Facts.
Finally the silica content ( 17 percent) was determined for the respirable fraction of road dust but the permissible exposure used as a reference health standard was for total silica particulates—a factor of three too high. 7. Production of Ferroalloys, Vol. 1. Environmental Protection Agency, 450/2-74-018a. Washington: 1974. 8. Occupational Health and Safety. Notice regarding coke emissions standards. January/February 1977, p. 9. 9. Solar Program Assessment: Environmental Factors, Photovoltaics.
A substantial but uncertain fraction of the arsenic condenses in plant exhausts, and fine particulates of arsenic (as the trioxide) are (partially) captured by electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, or other control devices. The resulting flue dust (a mixture of copper, arsenic, and other material) can then be processed to separate out the arsenic. Release * A frequently cited measure of radiation effects correlates one cancer (and about one multifactorial genetic event) with a total exposure of 10,000 man-rem.