The Quality of Freedom: Khodorkovsky, Putin, and the Yukos by Richard Sakwa

By Richard Sakwa

Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the pinnacle of the Yukos oil corporation, used to be arrested on 25 October 2003. This occasion proved a turning aspect for post-communist Russia and for Vladimir Putin's presidency. through that point Khodorkovsky had develop into one of many world's richest and strongest males, whereas Yukos were remodeled right into a vertically-integrated oil corporation that was once set to move international. On all counts, this appeared like successful tale for Russia, however it was once accurately at this second that the experts struck, and Khodorkovsky used to be later sentenced to 8 years in reformatory. This ebook explains why all of this happened. It offers a few theoretical dialogue in addition to targeted research of the increase and fall of Yukos, and with it the improvement of the Russian oil undefined. It additionally examines the connection among the nation and large company in the course of Russia's disturbing shift from the Soviet deliberate economic system to the industry process, in addition to Russia's emergence as an 'energy superpower'. The assault on Khodorkovsky had far-reaching political and fiscal results however it additionally raised primary questions about the standard of freedom in modern Russia in addition to on the planet at huge

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By Richard Sakwa

Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the pinnacle of the Yukos oil corporation, used to be arrested on 25 October 2003. This occasion proved a turning aspect for post-communist Russia and for Vladimir Putin's presidency. through that point Khodorkovsky had develop into one of many world's richest and strongest males, whereas Yukos were remodeled right into a vertically-integrated oil corporation that was once set to move international. On all counts, this appeared like successful tale for Russia, however it was once accurately at this second that the experts struck, and Khodorkovsky used to be later sentenced to 8 years in reformatory. This ebook explains why all of this happened. It offers a few theoretical dialogue in addition to targeted research of the increase and fall of Yukos, and with it the improvement of the Russian oil undefined. It additionally examines the connection among the nation and large company in the course of Russia's disturbing shift from the Soviet deliberate economic system to the industry process, in addition to Russia's emergence as an 'energy superpower'. The assault on Khodorkovsky had far-reaching political and fiscal results however it additionally raised primary questions about the standard of freedom in modern Russia in addition to on the planet at huge

Show description

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Additional resources for The Quality of Freedom: Khodorkovsky, Putin, and the Yukos Affair

Example text

1–38, at p. 2. 95 Azar Gat, ‘The Return of the Authoritarian Great Powers’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 4, July– August 2007, pp. 56–69. ), The Origins of Nonliberal Capitalism, chapter 2, p. 10. 97 Cf. ), The Origins of Nonliberal Capitalism, chapter 3, pp. 94–121. 26 The Quality of Freedom and in danger of returning Russia to an outmoded economic model. Second, the development of the Russian business class, the bourgeoisie in its narrow technical meaning, combined both organic and voluntaristic principles: the old Soviet managers organically transformed themselves into capitalist directors, while a whole new business group was created by state sponsorship, notably the Komsomol entrepreneurs of whom Khodorkovsky was the most vivid example.

Introduction: Freedom and Property 29 perspective Bessonova argues that Russia throughout the ages can be described as an ‘economy of distribution’ (razdatochnaya ekonomika), and thus undermines the development of a normal market economy. The distribution economy is deeply rooted in Russian culture, and serves by turns developmental and power consolidation purposes. 113 The Yukos affair certainly was a grand exercise in redistribution, but then so was the liberal programme of the 1990s, as was the whole Soviet era.

A. Reisner, E. B. Pashukanis, J. V. Stalin, A. Y. Vyshinsky, P. Yudin, S. A. Golunskii, M. S. Strogovich, and I. P. Trainin, Soviet Legal Philosophy (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1951), Michigan Law Review, Vol. 50, No. 6, April 1952, pp. 956–60, at p. 957, n. 8. 42 Gordon B. Smith, Reforming the Russian Legal System (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. 34. 43 Shuman, ‘Brief Reviews’, p. 957. Introduction: Freedom and Property 15 Robert Amsterdam, international defence council for Mikhail Khodorkovsky, has drawn attention to the parallels with post-communist Russia.

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