The Origins of Modernism in Russian Architecture by William Craft Brumfield

By William Craft Brumfield

The dramatic transformation of Russian structure from the Eighties to the 1917 revolution mirrored the profound alterations in Russian society because it entered the fashionable business age. William Craft Brumfield examines the intense variety of architectural types during this interval and strains the quest through architects and critics for a «unifying proposal» that might outline a brand new structure. Generously illustrated with archival fabrics and with the authors personal tremendous images, this can be the 1st complete learn via a Western student of a overlooked interval in ecu architectural and cultural heritage. Brumfield explores the various varieties of Russian modernism partially by way of studying the modern theoretical debate approximately them: the relation among expertise and elegance, the duty of structure to society, and the position of structure as an expression of nationwide identification.

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By William Craft Brumfield

The dramatic transformation of Russian structure from the Eighties to the 1917 revolution mirrored the profound alterations in Russian society because it entered the fashionable business age. William Craft Brumfield examines the intense variety of architectural types during this interval and strains the quest through architects and critics for a «unifying proposal» that might outline a brand new structure. Generously illustrated with archival fabrics and with the authors personal tremendous images, this can be the 1st complete learn via a Western student of a overlooked interval in ecu architectural and cultural heritage. Brumfield explores the various varieties of Russian modernism partially by way of studying the modern theoretical debate approximately them: the relation among expertise and elegance, the duty of structure to society, and the position of structure as an expression of nationwide identification.

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Ieronim Kitner divided his teaching between the Construction School and the Institute of Transportation Engineers. 50 In Moscow the primary center for architectural training during the nineteenth century was the School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, which dates from a series of art classes begun in 1832 and formally organized into the School of Painting and Sculpture in 1843. The architectural component was added in 1865, < previous page page_19 next page > < previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 when the Architectural School of the Moscow Court Office joined with the School of Painting and Sculpture.

21). Each arcade has three levels, with rows of shops on the first and second and offices on the third. Walkways of reinforced concrete (possibly the first use of this technique in Russia) span each gallery on the second and third levels; iron and glass arched skylights provide illumination (Figs. 22, 23). Among the remarkable achievements of civil engineering in Russia during the nineteenth century, none is more dramatically placed than these iron and glass canopies (see Plate 3). Each weighs some 50,000 puds (819 metric tons) and has over 20,000 panes of glass.

19. Upper Trading Rows, side facade (Brumfield M159-16). Fig. 20. Upper Trading Rows, main entrance, with a view of the arched skylights (Brumfield M172-21). < previous page page_22 next page > < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 Fig. 21. Upper Trading Rows, plan. Fig. 22. Upper Trading Rows, central passage (Brumfield M160-6). < previous page page_23 next page > < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 Fig. 23. Upper Trading Rows, west gallery (Brumfield M160-20). Fig. 24. Upper Trading Rows.

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