By Víctor Acedo-Matellán
This e-book examines the cross-linguistic expression of alterations of place or country, taking as a kick off point Talmy's typological generalization that classifies languages as both 'satellite-framed' or 'verb-framed'. In verb-framed languages, equivalent to these of the Romance kinfolk, the end result country or position is encoded within the verb. In satellite-framed languages, akin to English or Latin, the end result kingdom or place is encoded in a non-verbal point. those languages could be extra subdivided into vulnerable satellite-framed languages, within which the aspect expressing end result needs to shape a note with the verb, and powerful satellite-framed languages, within which it truly is expressed by way of an self sustaining aspect: an adjective, a prepositional word or a particle. during this quantity, Victor Acedo-Matellan explores the similarities among Latin and Slavic of their expression of occasions of transition: neither permits the expression of complicated adjectival resultative buildings and either exhibit the outcome country or situation of a fancy transition via prefixes. they're hence analysed as vulnerable satellite-framed languages, in addition to historical Greek and a few types of Mandarin chinese language, and stand unlike robust satellite-framed languages reminiscent of English, the Germanic languages generally, and Finno-Ugric. this change is expressed by way of the morphological homes of the top that expresses transition, that is argued to be affixal in susceptible yet no longer in robust satellite-framed languages. the writer takes a neo-constructionist method of argument constitution, which bills for the verbal elasticity proven via Latin, and a dispensed Morphology method of the syntax-morphology interface.
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Additional info for The Morphosyntax of Transitions: A Case Study in Latin and Other Languages
12 Non-relational elements are unable to project structure, and are of two kinds: roots (represented in small capitals in this work) and DPs. Roots are deprived of category and cannot project, unlike in other exo-skeletal frameworks, such as Harley (, ). They are grammatically opaque, as are Borer’s (a, b) listemes. 13 DPs, on the other hand, may be expanded by adjuncts, but no new structure is created thereby. That non-relational elements should be of these two kinds is a natural consequence of eliminating the l-/s-syntax distinction: once a single computation is assumed, the merger of roots and DPs is expected to be interspersed in the structure.
If we take into account the fact that T and R are eventive, as opposed to r, which is non-eventive, we can collapse () and () as the unavailability of the combination of a negatively valued eventive head with a positively valued non-eventive head. As long as there is nothing in Mateu’s system that prevents those combinations being formed, the question emerges why they are not licit. I show that a more radically conﬁgurational theory that does away with values for functional heads naturally derives the facts in () and ().
Terminal Ground: a DP or root at Compl-Place when PathP is projected Sue went to Barcelona, The sky cleared (in ﬁve minutes), The strong winds cleared the sky, Sue shelved the books, Sue put the books on the shelf f. Measurer: a DP raised from Spec-Place to Spec-Path Sue went to Barcelona, The sky cleared (in ﬁve minutes), The strong winds cleared the sky, Sue shelved (the) books, Sue put (the) books on the shelf g. Co-event/Conformation: a root adjoined to a functional category (v or Place) Sue danced/tiptoed into the room, Sue hammered/trod the metal ﬂat, The book was in/on the box These interpretations are in part localistic and in part aspectual, that is, Aktionsartrelated.