By LAURA A.; STANTON, NEVILLE A. RAFFERTY
Fratricide has been outlined as firing by yourself forces, whilst mistaking them for enemy forces, which ends up in harm or demise. premiums of fratricide prevalence were gradually expanding and the complexity of the modern working setting could lead to a continuation of this development. even if nearly all of learn into fratricide has interested by the improvement of technological determination aids, fresh explorations spotlight the necessity to emphasise the social points inside a socio-technical framework. This publication offers and validates, through using case stories, a version of teamwork and decision-making elements which are linked to incidents of fratricide. In precis, it bargains a evaluate and evaluate of up to date theoretical views on teamwork and fratricide, in addition to a number of twist of fate research ways. a singular thought of fratricide is then awarded via a brand new technique for assessing fratricide. Naturalistic case reviews of groups are undertaken within the army area. those reviews illustrate the procedure and supply early validation proof. In last, the e-book offers a chain of ideas designed to minimize the possibility of fratricide sooner or later
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Additional info for The human factors of fratricide
This led to incorrect SA that the movement he saw was enemy and thus he fired. The ‘Famous Five’ factors could be mapped onto both the key factors of the incident as stated by the government report, and the key factors identified by the analysis undertaken here. 4 below has been developed to illustrate the ability to map the Famous Five onto the key factors identified in the government report. 4 Board of Inquiry report and F3 model factors Board of Inquiry findings Area Breakdown Information Dissemination Battle Group boundaries Coordination Combat Identification F3 Model F3 Factors Communication/ Coordination Friendly force location Communication/ Coordination The presence of the dam north of Communication/ bridge 4 (key tactical feature) Coordination Battle space coordination Coordination Cooperation among Battle Groups Cooperation Unity of effort within Brigade Cooperation Situation Awareness Situation Awareness Target identification Schemata Handover procedures Schemata The Human Factors of Fratricide 34 Development of Ideal Scenario Using the Board of Inquiry report a timeline of events was built up in which the incident of fratricide could not have occurred.
The importance of expectations to safety is prominent throughout the wider safety and error literature (Woods et al. 1994, Mitchell and Flin 2007). A model that is frequently utilised to explore and explain the role of expectations is Neisser’s Perceptual Cycle model (Stanton, Chambers and Piggot 2001, Jenkins, Salmon et al. 2011). The model has previously been applied to accidents and error within other domains such as aviation (Banbury, Dudfield and Lodge 2002), and to military decision-making within a planning environment (Freeman and Cohen 1994).
Fratricide, Expectations, Situation Awareness and Teamwork 11 Suppositions From the previous research into fratricide a number of key suppositions can be identified: 1. Fratricide is complex, multi-causal and is the result of problems at multiple levels of the military system. 2. Further research is needed into the interactions between causal factors. 3. Expectations are important to fratricide and to Situation Awareness (SA). 4. Situation Awareness is an important factor of fratricide causality.