By Doug Easterling, Howard Kunreuther (auth.)
This e-book explores siting dilemmas - events within which an "authority" (e.g., Congress, a consortium of utilities) deems it within the top curiosity of society to construct a facility comparable to an incinerator, yet rivals residing close to the proposed web site thwart the plan. Facility builders ordinarily characteristic neighborhood competition to selfishness or greatly erroneous perspectives of the hazards posed through the power. We study the validity of those conclusions through having a look extensive on the mental reaction that arises while citizens are confronted with the possibility of residing close to waste disposal amenities. the actual siting difficulty thought of during this e-book is the matter of ways to "dispose" of the high-level nuclear wastes amassing at nuclear energy vegetation within the usa. those wastes, within the type of "spent" gas rods, will emit harmful degrees of radioactivity for millions of years - wherever among 10,000 and 100,000 years, counting on the margin of defense one adopts. the present notion is to encase the spent gasoline in corrosion-resistant canisters after which to bury those canisters deep underground in a geologic repository. the 2 folks turned concerned with the high-level waste factor in 1986 as a part of an interdisciplinary examine crew employed via the country of Nevada. The cost of this crew used to be to estimate the socioeconomic affects that might accompany a repository if it have been outfitted at Yucca Mountain, nearly a hundred miles northwest of Las Vegas.
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Extra resources for The Dilemma of Siting a High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository
An input to the production of new fuel), but rather a waste product. Thus, the issue became how to dispose of the back-end waste of the now open nuclear-fuel cycle. Furthennore, because of the long-lived nature of the radioisotopes in spent fuel rods, there was a strong demand from many quarters for permanent disposal. Anti-nuclear groups were especially adamant in calling for a safe means of pennanent disposal, arguing that society should not sanction any technology that produces unmanageable waste.
X). The frrst concession to fairness was the decision to build two repositories, the frrst one in the western United States and then a second one in the eastern United States. The impetus for building a repository in the west stemmed primarily from the desire of Congress and the utilities to achieve permanent disposal as quickly as possible. The sites that had been analyzed prior to 1982 (and thus would be the primary candidates for a repository) were largely concentrated in the western and southern parts of the country.
12 Once sealed, a repository is designed to isolate nuclear wastes for at least 10,000 years, at which time radioactivity will have decayed to a level comparable to that found in unmined uranium ore. The canister is instrumental in containing the wastes over the first 300 to 1,000 years, while the geologic barrier is designed to prevent releases over the remainder of the critical 1O,000-year time period. 13 It should be pointed out that geologic disposal is focused primarily on protecting human health.