The Dakotan Languages, and Their Relations to Other by A. W. (Andrew Woods) Williamson

By A. W. (Andrew Woods) Williamson

The Dakotas is a collective time period used all over the world that refers back to the U. S. states of North Dakota and South Dakota jointly. The identify "Dakota" comes from the Tipi Sapa, a local American extended family that may be a department of the Lakota. To the ethnologist and to the philologist the Dakotas and people conversing kindred languages are a really fascinating humans. There are 4 critical Dakota dialects, the Santee, Yankton, Assinniboin and Titon. The allied languages might be divided into 3 teams: I. a, Winnebago; b, Osage, Kaw, and a pair of Quapaw; c, Iowa, Otoe and Missouri; d, Omaha and Ponka. II. Mandan. III. a, Minnetaree (Minitari) or Hidatsa; b, Absauraka, or Crow. Pawnee and Aricaree appear additionally to be slightly comparable.

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By A. W. (Andrew Woods) Williamson

The Dakotas is a collective time period used all over the world that refers back to the U. S. states of North Dakota and South Dakota jointly. The identify "Dakota" comes from the Tipi Sapa, a local American extended family that may be a department of the Lakota. To the ethnologist and to the philologist the Dakotas and people conversing kindred languages are a really fascinating humans. There are 4 critical Dakota dialects, the Santee, Yankton, Assinniboin and Titon. The allied languages might be divided into 3 teams: I. a, Winnebago; b, Osage, Kaw, and a pair of Quapaw; c, Iowa, Otoe and Missouri; d, Omaha and Ponka. II. Mandan. III. a, Minnetaree (Minitari) or Hidatsa; b, Absauraka, or Crow. Pawnee and Aricaree appear additionally to be slightly comparable.

Show description

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Extra info for The Dakotan Languages, and Their Relations to Other Languages (Dodo Press)

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32 The Dakotan Languages Eu swan sonare; Dak sna ring, rattle. Eu skud, Teut skut shoot; Dak kate shoot. Teut sota soot; Dak shota smoke, shotkazi soot. Eu sad sit; Dak si, siha the foot. The Dakota words that most resemble I E forms are those in daily use, those roots entering into the largest number of compounds, those most widely distributed in languages more nearly related. Excluding words repeated in compounds and those contained in phrases I have not satisfactorily analyzed, and including words derivative rather than compound, I find in Hayden, Morgan and Schoolcraft 262 different Iowa words.

Eu si bind; Min -shi bind; Dak -shi command. Swed si! lo! behold! Dak. shi! hark! Eu su good; Dak -su good. 31 The Dakotan Languages Eu suk suck; Min tsuki, Dak zoka suck. I E ska shine; Lat candidus white; Dak ska white shining. I E ska separate; Dak ksa separate. I E ska kill, Gk kten- kill; Dak kte kill. I E ska tarry, Gk kta possess; Dak kta defer, tarry, used also as sign of future tense. The Mandan future inflection -kit -kt -t appears to be an abridgement of this. Eu skat spring, leap; Dak skata play.

On the other hand there is little apparent similarity between Eu karpya shoe, and Dak hanpa shoe; but the Dak word represents the Eu as accurately as possible; similar forms are found in every Dakotan language, and it seems scarcely possible to me that the similarity can be accidental. In giving a few additional examples of similar roots I select those that are the most obvious, rather than the most certain. I exclude those not in accordance with sound representation, and the analogies of such allied Dakotan and I E forms as are known to me.

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