The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times: Volume 2. by Richard G. Hovannisian

By Richard G. Hovannisian

Edited through the best historian of the Republic of Armenia, this is often the definitive historical past of a rare nation - from its earliest foundations, in the course of the Crusades, the resistance to Ottoman and Tsarist rule, the cave in of the self sustaining kingdom, its short re-emergence after international conflict I, its subjugation by way of the Bolsheviks, and the institution of the recent Republic in 1991. Written by way of the key specialists on every one interval in Armenia's heritage, this booklet is a big contribution to knowing the complexities of Transcaucasia. Armenia is a cradle of civilization positioned on one of many world's so much turbulent crossroads. This quantity examines the query of Armenian origins and strains family and diplomacy, society and tradition during the 5 dynastic classes, spanning approximately thousand years. The problem dealing with the Armenian humans used to be to take care of as a lot freedom as attainable below the shadow of robust neighbouring empires. The adoption of Christianity had an everlasting influence at the process Armenian background and tradition. those have been the heroic, vibrant and cruel feudal centuries of Armenia.

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By Richard G. Hovannisian

Edited through the best historian of the Republic of Armenia, this is often the definitive historical past of a rare nation - from its earliest foundations, in the course of the Crusades, the resistance to Ottoman and Tsarist rule, the cave in of the self sustaining kingdom, its short re-emergence after international conflict I, its subjugation by way of the Bolsheviks, and the institution of the recent Republic in 1991. Written by way of the key specialists on every one interval in Armenia's heritage, this booklet is a big contribution to knowing the complexities of Transcaucasia. Armenia is a cradle of civilization positioned on one of many world's so much turbulent crossroads. This quantity examines the query of Armenian origins and strains family and diplomacy, society and tradition during the 5 dynastic classes, spanning approximately thousand years. The problem dealing with the Armenian humans used to be to take care of as a lot freedom as attainable below the shadow of robust neighbouring empires. The adoption of Christianity had an everlasting influence at the process Armenian background and tradition. those have been the heroic, vibrant and cruel feudal centuries of Armenia.

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Additional resources for The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times: Volume 2. Foreign Dominion to Statehood: The Fifteenth Century to the Twentieth Century

Sample text

Alboyadjian, 1941-1961, and H. Hakobian, 1932) to be Muslim converts of Armenian or Georgian origin referred to as Liwon/Levon Oghlu, sons or descendants of Levon, the Cilician king. The twilight of the Armenian nobility in the fifteenth century produced a transformation in the functioning of the nakharar houses, especially in Siunik. The feudal title tanuter (head of the house) even­ tually gave way to the title paron-ter, from the secular title paron (baron) and ter (lord) used principally for upper-ranking clergy.

Yet, surprisingly, despite the devastating invasions, accompanied by pillaging and enslavement, despite taxes on a level never before 22 Dickran Kouymjian imposed, despite the recurring famines, occasional plagues, locusts, and the relatively large number of earthquakes reported during the period, Armenians also stayed in Armenia. Colophons and other sources testify that they tried to maintain Armenian life as they understood it and, when possible, even to improve or at least contribute culturally to it (Khachikian, 1955-1967; Hakobian and Hovhannisian, 1974; Kouymjian, 1983).

Though his son was to stay on in Rome, Abgar returned to Venice, where he devoted himself to the printing of 32 Dickran Kouymjian Armenian books; especially important was the first Armenian Psalter issued under his care in 1565. Later, when Abgar was forced to stop publishing in Venice, he moved to Constantinople. In the expanding diaspora of the Ottoman capital, he established the first Armenian press in the Middle East, publishing six titles from 1567 to 1569. ) In 1569 Abgar visited Catholicos Mikayel.

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