Territory, specialization and globalization in European by Helena Marques, Francisco Puig

By Helena Marques, Francisco Puig

Although conventional production (textiles, garments, sneakers, furnishings, and so forth) has been in decline in constructed international locations, it nonetheless represents a huge a part of eu employment because of its labour-intensive personality. in addition, its geographical focus rather exposes sure areas of Europe to activity loss because the declines. This e-book presents a proof for the diversities saw within the influence of globalization that's in line with the impression of the territory and of the construction specialization of the companies. The conclusions offered within the publication are withdrawn from an in depth examine of the Spanish textile-clothing sector.

The e-book highlights the depth of the connection among the organizational version of the territory the place the companies can be found (high focus of interrelated corporations in a well-defined geographical quarter known as "industrial district"), the specialization approach applied and the globalization of the financial system. It additionally indicates the necessity to ponder these elements as interdependent determinants of multinational functionality, quite given the present development for companies to at the same time focus geographically and multilocalize regionally and across the world. The proposed method of study can be utilized to review different production sectors in different eu countries.

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By Helena Marques, Francisco Puig

Although conventional production (textiles, garments, sneakers, furnishings, and so forth) has been in decline in constructed international locations, it nonetheless represents a huge a part of eu employment because of its labour-intensive personality. in addition, its geographical focus rather exposes sure areas of Europe to activity loss because the declines. This e-book presents a proof for the diversities saw within the influence of globalization that's in line with the impression of the territory and of the construction specialization of the companies. The conclusions offered within the publication are withdrawn from an in depth examine of the Spanish textile-clothing sector.

The e-book highlights the depth of the connection among the organizational version of the territory the place the companies can be found (high focus of interrelated corporations in a well-defined geographical quarter known as "industrial district"), the specialization approach applied and the globalization of the financial system. It additionally indicates the necessity to ponder these elements as interdependent determinants of multinational functionality, quite given the present development for companies to at the same time focus geographically and multilocalize regionally and across the world. The proposed method of study can be utilized to review different production sectors in different eu countries.

Show description

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Additional info for Territory, specialization and globalization in European Manufacturing

Example text

2 Evolution and terminology Since the 1970s there has been a consistent and growing research effort on industrial districts, which is related to the economic success of certain industrial regions of advanced economies that experimented with the district model, in particular the centre and north of Italy (Dunford, 2006). 7 According to Bellandi (2002), the success of industrial districts was due to environmental factors acting at the end of the 1970s: changes in firm size, the disappearance of some heavy-­industry sectors, economic growth in district areas and the decline of large firms.

In this way, the same firm may opt to import and subcontract in one market and to carry out FDI in another. In sum, four types of delocation can be considered as a result of vertical disintegration of business activity carried out at the international level: (1) classical delocation, where plants are closed domestically and reopened abroad; (2) externalized delocation, established as a contract between firms from different countries and ownerships; (3) tied delocation, based on the transfer of activities between subsidiaries of the same firm located in different countries; and (4) multilocation.

In fact, SME flexibility – the capacity to respond and adapt to environmental changes – is a key competitiveness factor for the firms (Fiegenbaum and Karnani, 1991) and is at the same time a determinant of success of the territorial concentration system, as the existence of a volatile market favours the agglomeration of industry (Steinle and Schiele, 2002). At the district level, the model of flexible specialization or specialized flexible production is obtained through a process of vertical disintegration, whereby firms specialize in particular tasks vertically linked by division of labour.

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