By Ibrahim Dincer, Calin Zamfirescu
The notion of sustainable improvement was once first brought by way of the Brundtland fee virtually two decades in the past and has bought elevated awareness prior to now decade. it's now an important a part of any power actions. it is a research-based textbook which might be utilized by senior undergraduate scholars, graduate scholars, engineers, practitioners, scientists, researchers within the region of sustainable power platforms and aimed to deal with a few key pillars: greater potency, greater fee effectiveness, larger use of strength assets, greater surroundings, larger power safeguard, and higher sustainable improvement. it is usually a few state-of-the-art themes, such hydrogen and gasoline cells, renewable, fresh combustion applied sciences, CO2 abatement applied sciences, and a few power instruments (exergy, constructal thought, etc.) for layout, research and function improvement.
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Additional info for Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications
For example, helium is a mono-atomic gas. 23) In general, through a thermodynamic property one denotes a physical characteristic of a substance used to describe its state. Any two properties usually define the state or condition of the substance, from which all other properties can be derived. Some examples are temperature, pressure, specific volume, and internal energy. Property diagrams of substances are generally presented in graphical form and summarize the main properties as listed in the thermodynamic tables.
Temperature is the property that reflects whether a system that is in equilibrium will experience a decrease or increase in its disordered energy if it is brought into contact with another system that is in equilibrium. If the systems have different temperatures, disordered energy will be redistributed from the system at the higher temperature to the one at the lower temperature. The process reduces the information about precisely where that energy resides, as it is now dispersed over the two systems.
Nevertheless, it may not always be practical due to temperature changes. 46) are known as Charles’s law. 50) Based on Eq. 51) Let us consider a closed system with ideal gas, undergoing an adiabatic reversible process with a constant specific heat. 52) which can also be derived from the general work relation, W = P dV. For a reversible polytropic process, the only difference is the polytropic exponent (n), which shows the deviation from a logP and logV diagram, leading to the slope. Therefore, Eqs.