String Theory For Dummies (For Dummies (Math & Science)) by Andrew Zimmerman Jones

By Andrew Zimmerman Jones

Learn:The simple ideas of this arguable theoryHow string concept builds on physics conceptsThe diversified viewpoints within the fieldString theory's actual implicationsYour plain-English consultant to this complicated medical theoryString idea is likely one of the most complex sciences being explored this present day. to not fear even though! This informative consultant essentially explains the fundamentals of this sizzling subject, discusses the theory's hypotheses and predictions, and explores its curious implications. It additionally offers the serious viewpoints towards string concept so that you can draw your personal conclusions.Understand the "theory of every thing" — take hold of the major techniques and value of the speculation, and study why scientists are so thinking about discovering a concept of quantum gravityIt all comes right down to physics — become aware of how string thought is equipped upon the key clinical advancements of the early twentieth centuryBuilding the idea — hint the production and improvement of string thought, detect its predictions, and notice even if actual conclusions might be madeTake string concept for a spin — discover the middle factor of additional dimensions, the results for cosmology, and the way string idea may perhaps clarify sure homes of our universeBoldly move the place not anyone has long gone — see what string conception has to claim approximately attainable parallel universes, the starting place and destiny of our universe, and the possibility of time travelHear from the critics — snoop on the heated debates approximately string conception and weigh the choices being offeredOpen the publication and find:The questions string idea makes an attempt to answerEasy-to-follow examplesExplanations of Einstein's thought of relativity, quantum thought, and particle physicsThe successes and screw ups of string theoryFascinating bits of string thought together with strings and branesWays that string thought might be testedDiscussions of loop quantum gravity and different attainable substitute theories of gravityHow the speculation may well relate to cosmic mysteries, from the starting place of topic to black holes

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By Andrew Zimmerman Jones

Learn:The simple ideas of this arguable theoryHow string concept builds on physics conceptsThe diversified viewpoints within the fieldString theory's actual implicationsYour plain-English consultant to this complicated medical theoryString idea is likely one of the most complex sciences being explored this present day. to not fear even though! This informative consultant essentially explains the fundamentals of this sizzling subject, discusses the theory's hypotheses and predictions, and explores its curious implications. It additionally offers the serious viewpoints towards string concept so that you can draw your personal conclusions.Understand the "theory of every thing" — take hold of the major techniques and value of the speculation, and study why scientists are so thinking about discovering a concept of quantum gravityIt all comes right down to physics — become aware of how string thought is equipped upon the key clinical advancements of the early twentieth centuryBuilding the idea — hint the production and improvement of string thought, detect its predictions, and notice even if actual conclusions might be madeTake string concept for a spin — discover the middle factor of additional dimensions, the results for cosmology, and the way string idea may perhaps clarify sure homes of our universeBoldly move the place not anyone has long gone — see what string conception has to claim approximately attainable parallel universes, the starting place and destiny of our universe, and the possibility of time travelHear from the critics — snoop on the heated debates approximately string conception and weigh the choices being offeredOpen the publication and find:The questions string idea makes an attempt to answerEasy-to-follow examplesExplanations of Einstein's thought of relativity, quantum thought, and particle physicsThe successes and screw ups of string theoryFascinating bits of string thought together with strings and branesWays that string thought might be testedDiscussions of loop quantum gravity and different attainable substitute theories of gravityHow the speculation may well relate to cosmic mysteries, from the starting place of topic to black holes

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It’s a theoretical prediction that unexpectedly matches another (well-accepted) theoretical prediction about black holes. And, beyond that, the prediction only holds for certain types of black holes and has not yet been successfully extended to all black holes. For a more extended look at black holes and string theory, check out Chapters 9, 11, and 14. Explaining quantum field theory using string theory One of the major successes of string theory is something called the Maldacena conjecture, or the AdS/CFT correspondence.

Because these forces are quantum theories, the gauge fields come in discrete units (that’s where the word quantum comes from) — and these units actually turn out to be particles in their own right, called gauge bosons. The forces described by a gauge theory are carried, or mediated, by these gauge bosons. For example, the electromagnetic force is mediated by the proton. When gravity is written in the form of a gauge theory, the gauge boson for gravity is called the graviton. ) Physicists have identified some features of the theoretical graviton so that, if it exists, it can be recognized.

In most current formulations of string theory, the matter observed in our universe comes from the lowest-energy vibrations of strings and branes. ) The mass of these fundamental particles comes from the ways that these string and branes are wrapped in the extra dimensions that are compactified within the theory, in ways that are rather messy and detailed. For an example, consider a simplified case where the extra dimensions are curled up in the shape of a donut (called a torus by mathematicians and physicists), as in Figure 1-3.

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