By Krishnan Rajeshwar, Robert McConnell, Stuart Licht
Given the backdrop of severe curiosity and common dialogue at the customers of a hydrogen power economic system, this e-book goals to supply an authoritative and up to date clinical account of hydrogen iteration utilizing solar power and renewable resources equivalent to water. whereas the technological and monetary elements of sunlight hydrogen iteration are evolving, the clinical ideas underlying a number of solar-assisted water splitting schemes have already got an organization footing. This publication goals to show a broad-based viewers to those ideas. This ebook spans the disciplines of solar power conversion, electrochemistry, photochemistry, photoelectrochemistry, fabrics chemistry, gadget physics/engineering, and biology.
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Extra resources for Solar hydrogen generation
J. A. Turner, M. C. Williams, K. Rajeshwar, The Electrochemical Society Interface, Fall 2004, p. 24. 29. The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs, The National Academies Press, Washington, D. , 2004. 30. gov/ncpv. 31. K. B. Oldham, J. C. Myland, Fundamentals of Electrochemical Science, Academic Press, San Diego, 1994, p. 129. 32. M. D. Archer, J. R. Bolton, J. Phys. Chem. 94 8028 (1990). 33. J. R. Bolton, Solar Energy 57 37 (1996). 34. A. J. Bard, M. A. Fox, Acc. Chem.
40 In practical devices, up to 60% of the energy content in H2 can be converted to electricity, the remainder being dissipated as heat. 40 The principle of fuel cells has been known since 1838 thanks to William Grove. , submarine) applications. Nowadays, fuel cells are being considered for low-polluting co-generation of heat and power in buildings and for transportation applications. As with the technologies considered earlier, the main deterrent is cost. 41 Economies of scale in mass manufacture would bring this cost to a more reasonable $6,000-10,000 range.
15 When comparing literature from fuel cell (FC) models with water electrolysis work it is important to remember the differences between the system anode and cathode. This basic understanding may be trivial to most but is many times confused when switching between the two processes. The anode is always the electrode at which oxidation occurs, where electrons are lost. The cathode is defined as the electrode at which electrons enter, where reduction takes place. In electrolysis the cathode is the electrode where H2 gas is created, in FC systems the anode is the electrode where H2 is introduced.