By A. J. Haywood
Sooner than Russians crossed the Urals Mountains within the 16th century to settle their "colony" in North Asia, they heard rumors approximately bountiful fur, of unusual humans with out eyes who ate by means of shrugging their shoulders and of a land the place bushes exploded from chilly. This area of frozen tundra, unending woodland, and buzzing steppe among the Urals and the Pacific Ocean was once an enormous, unusual, and scary paradise. It was once Siberia.
Siberia is a cradle of civilizations, the birthplace of historic Turkic empires and residential to the cultures of indigenes, together with peoples whose ancestors migrated to the Americas. It was once a promised land to which bonded peasants might flee their merciless masters, but additionally a snow-covered "white hell" throughout which exiles shuffled in felt footwear and chains. In Stalin's period, Siberia turned synonymous with the gulag; this day, it's a tremendous zone of bustling metropolises and sumptuous landscapes: a spot the place the humdrum, the attractive, and the unusual ignite the mind's eye. Tracing the ancient contours of Siberia, A. J. Haywood bargains an in depth account of the architectural and cultural landmarks of towns corresponding to Irkutsk, Tobolsk, Barnaul, and Novosibirsk.
MAGNIFICENT RIVERS AND LAKES: Lake Baikal, the Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey, Angara, Lena and Amur rivers. author Anton Chekhov defined a few, polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen and the eccentric British service provider captain Joseph Wiggins navigated others.
THE towns AND THE RAILWAY: haute couture and coffee existence, traffic-choked streets, and chimney stacks. Siberia's towns deliver a madding crowd a long way into the distant taiga-linked by means of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the nineteenth-century "camel track."
MYSTICS, MOUNTAINS AND historical CIVILIZATIONS
Nikolay Rerikh sought the magical country of Shambhala right here, Russian author Valentin Rasputin used to be harassed by way of its attractiveness, whereas neighborhood Altaians themselves see their republic of mountains and steppe as a principal Asian heaven on the earth.
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ABBYY Lingvo entire English-Russian Dictionary
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Большой англо-русский словарь ABBYY Lingvo — это обновленная версия популярного электронного словаря LingvoUniversal, представленная в бумажном формате.
На сегодняшний день это самый полный из англо-русских словарей по охвату новых слов и значений, появившихся в английском языке в последние годы XX века и в первое десятилетие XXI века. Словарь содержит eighty three one hundred thirty five словарных статей (в том числе 1799 фразовых глаголов), 142 278 лексических значений, а также 31 927 примеров из современных и классических британских и американских текстов. Широко представлена лексика разнообразных стилистических пластов, в том числе разговорная, стилистически сниженная и жаргонная.
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Additional resources for Siberia: A Cultural History (Landscapes of the Imagination)
41 It may have been under the influence of this opinion that the tsarist government eventually seemed to suggest that some minorities were unassimilable when it permitted members of certain groups, such as the Jews, to emigrate. 42 Because disagreements over the cultural and legal place of the Jews made reference to larger disputes about whether Russian citizenship should be redesigned according to Western models, examination of the changing treatment of the Jews opens a window on the interplay between changing notions of imperial subjecthood and citizenship as well as of the individual’s possible personal, religious, and political affiliations.
Even a Soviet critic who set about in the s to defend Bogrov agreed that he “must be recognized as representing the extremist wing of our assimilationist movement,” and a late-twentieth-century American reference work notes that he “sharply criticized Jewish leadership and advocated radical reforms. . ”27 Nonetheless, a few scholars have pointed out that Bogrov’s assimilation- 32 GRIGORY BOGROV ism was tempered by sympathy for the Jewish masses and cynicism toward the tsarist government. One historian of Jewish literature observes sententiously that while the depiction of Jewish life in Notes of a Jew is “entirely vitiated by the author’s antagonistic spirit .
The poet Nikolai Nekrasov, in his controversial poem “Poet i grazhdanin” [The Poet and the Citizen], defined the citizen as a patriot prepared to defend his country from any evil: A chto takoe grazhdanin? 34 And what is a citizen? A worthy son of the fatherland. Censors and the public alike read Nekrasov as calling for the destruction of the current social system and its radical restructuring. Those who favored Jewish acculturation could have had Nekrasov’s images in mind. They needed to believe that Russia was developing a civil society in which the acculturated Jew would be granted an equal place.