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Additional info for Shielding Rqmts for Transport of Nuclear Warhead Components in Decommissioning
Heyde, From Nucleons to the Atomic Nucleus © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 22 3. i,) 2 "OPEP (fm) region ....... Tt 00 "'Y Fig. 2. Illustration of the shortrange repulsive part and the longrange OPEP(one-pion exchange potential) tail of the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The one-pion exchange is shown schematically nucleon force acting amongst the individual nucleons (see Fig. 2 for a simple picture of the n-n force). The most important and fundamental of all elementary mo des describing the atomic nucleus assumes the existence of an average one-body field, at least for describing low-energy phenomena and even when including the residual nucleon-nucleon interaction.
132 saCe 74 I ~60 30 ~50 '> ~20 ~40 w lS' o' ~i: 10 0 0 0. 5 E 30 .. > 20 ~ w 10 o o 0. 7 C Fig. 22. Potential energy curves as a function of both the quadrupole deformation (ellipsoidal deformation and shape), characterized by the variable E2, and the angular momentum, characterized by the spin value J. On the left-hand side, the results are given for the deformed nudei 132Ce and 152Dy. On the right-hand side, the various energy minima (and corresponding deformed shapes) are shown at a fixed angular momentum of spin 401i in the same two nudeL (Taken from The Annual Review of Nuclear & Particle Seienee @1988 Vol.
The nuclear size is about 3 fm for a light nucleus. (Taken from K. Heyde Basic Concepts in Nuclear Physic @1994 IOP Publishing, with permission) The salient features of the so-formed 'drop' of nuelear matter, which in a first (static) approximation may be described using a liquid drop model, can, with the Hartree-Fock approach, be connected to the underlying nueleon- K. Heyde, From Nucleons to the Atomic Nucleus © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 22 3. i,) 2 "OPEP (fm) region ....... Tt 00 "'Y Fig.