Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing by Lisa Gitelman

By Lisa Gitelman

This can be a richly inventive learn of machines for writing and studying on the finish of the 19th century in the United States. Its goal is to discover writing and analyzing as culturally contingent reviews, and even as to expand our view of the connection among know-how and textuality.

At the book’s middle is the proposition that applied sciences of inscription are materialized theories of language. whether or not they failed (like Thomas Edison’s “electric pen”) or succeeded (like typewriters), inscriptive applied sciences of the overdue 19th century have been neighborhood, usually aggressive embodiments of ways humans skilled writing and studying. this sort of point of view cuts during the determinism of contemporary bills whereas arguing for an interdisciplinary approach for contemplating texts and textual production.

Starting with the cacophonous merchandising of shorthand alphabets in postbellum the US, the writer investigates the assumptions—social, psychic, semiotic—that lie at the back of various inscriptive practices. The “grooves” within the book’s name are the fragile traces recorded and performed by means of phonographs, and readers will locate in those pages a shocking and intricate family tree of the phonograph, besides new readings of the heritage of the typewriter and of the earliest silent movies. glossy different types of authorship, illustration, and readerly intake emerge right here amid the un- or sub-literary pursuits of patent legal professionals, would-be inventors, and checklist manufacturers. sleek subjectivities emerge either in ongoing social structures of literacy and within the unruly and probably unrelated practices of yankee spiritualism, “Coon” songs, and Rube Goldberg-type romanticism.

Just as electronic networks and hypertext have at the present time made us extra conscious of revealed books as wisdom buildings, the improvement and dissemination of the phonograph and typewriter coincided with a remodeled know-how of oral and inscribed conversation. It used to be an understanding straight away influential within the improvement of customer tradition, literary and creative reports of modernity, and the disciplinary definition of the “human” sciences, corresponding to linguistics, anthropology, and psychology. Recorded sound, typescripts, silent movies, and different inscriptive media are reminiscence units, and in today’s phrases the writer deals a serious idea of ROM and RAM for the century earlier than computers.

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By Lisa Gitelman

This can be a richly inventive learn of machines for writing and studying on the finish of the 19th century in the United States. Its goal is to discover writing and analyzing as culturally contingent reviews, and even as to expand our view of the connection among know-how and textuality.

At the book’s middle is the proposition that applied sciences of inscription are materialized theories of language. whether or not they failed (like Thomas Edison’s “electric pen”) or succeeded (like typewriters), inscriptive applied sciences of the overdue 19th century have been neighborhood, usually aggressive embodiments of ways humans skilled writing and studying. this sort of point of view cuts during the determinism of contemporary bills whereas arguing for an interdisciplinary approach for contemplating texts and textual production.

Starting with the cacophonous merchandising of shorthand alphabets in postbellum the US, the writer investigates the assumptions—social, psychic, semiotic—that lie at the back of various inscriptive practices. The “grooves” within the book’s name are the fragile traces recorded and performed by means of phonographs, and readers will locate in those pages a shocking and intricate family tree of the phonograph, besides new readings of the heritage of the typewriter and of the earliest silent movies. glossy different types of authorship, illustration, and readerly intake emerge right here amid the un- or sub-literary pursuits of patent legal professionals, would-be inventors, and checklist manufacturers. sleek subjectivities emerge either in ongoing social structures of literacy and within the unruly and probably unrelated practices of yankee spiritualism, “Coon” songs, and Rube Goldberg-type romanticism.

Just as electronic networks and hypertext have at the present time made us extra conscious of revealed books as wisdom buildings, the improvement and dissemination of the phonograph and typewriter coincided with a remodeled know-how of oral and inscribed conversation. It used to be an understanding straight away influential within the improvement of customer tradition, literary and creative reports of modernity, and the disciplinary definition of the “human” sciences, corresponding to linguistics, anthropology, and psychology. Recorded sound, typescripts, silent movies, and different inscriptive media are reminiscence units, and in today’s phrases the writer deals a serious idea of ROM and RAM for the century earlier than computers.

Show description

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Measurements. Except for abbreviations that may be confused with words (in. for inch and gal. for gallon), abbreviations of measurement do not require periods (yd for yard and qt for quart). Abbreviations of units of measure are identical in the singular and plural: 1 cm and 15 cm (not 15 cms). Some abbreviations can be used in combination with other symbols (°F for degrees Fahrenheit and ft 2 for square feet). The following list includes abbreviations for the basic units of the International System of Units (SI), the metric system.

The following are some causes of affectation. • Impression. Some writers use pretentious language in an attempt to impress the reader with fancy words instead of evidence and logic. • Insecurity. Writers who are insecure about their facts, conclusions, or arguments may try to hide behind a smoke screen of pretentious words. qxp 8/20/08 4:18 PM Page 23 agreement 23 • Imitation. Perhaps unconsciously, some writers imitate the poor writing they see around them. • Intimidation. A few writers, consciously or unconsciously, try to intimidate or overwhelm their readers with words, often to protect themselves from criticism.

Initialisms are pronounced as separate letters (SEC/Securities and Exchange Commission). Abbreviations that combine the first letter or letters of several words — and can be pronounced — are called acronyms (PIN/personal identification number, LAN/local area network). Using Abbreviations In business, industry, and government, specialists and those working together on particular projects often use abbreviations. The most important consideration in the use of abbreviations is whether they will be understood by your audience.

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