Russia and Chechnia: The Permanent Crisis: Essays on by Ben Fowkes

By Ben Fowkes

This number of essays explores the connection among the Chechens and their Russian conquerors, tracing the expansion of distrust and hostility, the increase of Chechen nationwide feeling, and the fruits of this approach within the warfare of 1994-1996. every one contributor seeks to light up the advance of this courting from a distinct attitude: the altering photograph of the independence opponents of the 19th century, the tragic tale of the deportation of 1944, and the heritage of the new clash.

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By Ben Fowkes

This number of essays explores the connection among the Chechens and their Russian conquerors, tracing the expansion of distrust and hostility, the increase of Chechen nationwide feeling, and the fruits of this approach within the warfare of 1994-1996. every one contributor seeks to light up the advance of this courting from a distinct attitude: the altering photograph of the independence opponents of the 19th century, the tragic tale of the deportation of 1944, and the heritage of the new clash.

Show description

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Additional resources for Russia and Chechnia: The Permanent Crisis: Essays on Russo-Chechen Relations

Sample text

Ziirrer, op. 40. 28. There are several divergent views in the secondary sources about the area of effectiveness, the viability, the policies and above all the reasons for the failure of the North Caucasian Republican Government of 1917 to 1920. Three participants in the government have published their views. See P. 45-53; V-G. ll9-132; H. 1-30; Soviet sources predictably differ from all the above; but the memoirs of General Denikin contain yet another version. This question deserves investigation.

11 Shamil 's movement was the most successful of the great Muslim resistance movements against the Russian advance in the Caucasus. Soon after the proclamation of Shamil as the imam, an independent state, the 'Imamate of Shamil', was declared. Shamil's state lasted for almost 30 years. 12 During the Crimean War it appeared that the struggle under the leadership of Shamil had a chance of success. When Britain and France entered the war, Shamil envisaged a general Caucasian offensive against the Russians.

40. A. 36-8. 41. 40. 42. This is the title of the English translation by Michael Glenny, published in London by Picador, in 1991. 43. Iu. Desheriev, Zhizn' vo Mgle i Bor'be (Moscow: Paleia, 1995). 44. Bennigsen, op. 74. 45. G. 316. 46. A. T. 410-18. 47. 2. 48. A. Mukhin, 'Sovremennoe Kazachestvo na Severnom Kavkaze', in G. Bordiugov and P. 52. 49. M. Heller and A. 536. 24 Ben Fowkes 50. J. 176. 51. D. 543-97. 52. The Russian initials stand for: Obshchenatsional'rryi Kongress Chechenskogo Naroda.

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