Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the by Lawrence L.J. Pratt, John A. Whitehead

By Lawrence L.J. Pratt, John A. Whitehead

This booklet completely covers the advance of the speculation of rotating hydraulics, making common use of assisting laboratory versions and observational information. the necessity to comprehend rotating hydraulic phenomena is transforming into as normal curiosity in weather and worldwide move is consistently expanding. The publication info state-of-the-art examine and contains many workouts.

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By Lawrence L.J. Pratt, John A. Whitehead

This booklet completely covers the advance of the speculation of rotating hydraulics, making common use of assisting laboratory versions and observational information. the necessity to comprehend rotating hydraulic phenomena is transforming into as normal curiosity in weather and worldwide move is consistently expanding. The publication info state-of-the-art examine and contains many workouts.

Show description

Read or Download Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library) PDF

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Extra resources for Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library)

Example text

One may now proceed to the task of determining the y- and t- dependence of the variables. To do so, one must first develop the shallow water equations from the above expressions, a task left as an exercise (see #2 below) to the reader who has not seen this done. The general point is that that the cross-sectional structure of the flow can be determined at the outset, allowing one to concentrate on other aspects of the problem. We will return to this theme repeatedly as part of the consideration of flows with stratification or with structure in the cross-channel (x-) direction.

Each value of B˜ shown is associated with two solutions, one having supercritical and one subcritical flow upstream of the obstacle. For B˜ > 2 5 the curves are the symmetrical, purely sub- or supercritical solutions discussed before. 4. 3. Free-surface profiles for flow with different values of B˜ over the same obstacle. 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 the other, its mirror image, is supercritical upstream and subcritical downstream of the obstacle. For B˜ < 2 5 the solutions are not continuous across the sill.

4). This disturbance may be synthesized using the two linear wave modes of the system, which propagate at speeds v − gd 1/2 and v + gd 1/2 . Since the slower wave propagates in the downstream direction upstream of the sill and in the upstream direction downstream of the sill, any energy carried in the slower mode will become focused and amplified at the sill. This situation will henceforth be referred to as the shock forming instability. Some insight into the special requirements for the permissible location of critical flow can be gained through a consideration of the physics of resonance in a linear system.

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