Renewable fuel standard: Potential economic and by National Research Counciil

By National Research Counciil

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By National Research Counciil

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Biofuel Policy 26 RENEWABLE FUEL STANDARD Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to provide an independent assessment of the economic and environmental benefits and costs associated with achieving RFS2 that have been raised. , 2009)—and the effects of meeting the consumption mandate of 36 billion gallons of different types of biofuels by 2022; this study focuses on latter effects. Although the committee was asked to discuss “means by which the federal government could prevent or minimize adverse impacts of the RFS on the price and availability of animal feedstocks, food, and forest products, including options available under current law” (Box 1-1), it was not asked to discuss whether or how RFS2 could be modified to better achieve energy security and greenhouse-gas reduction.

Oak Brook, IL: Farm Foundation. , and T. Haniotis. 2010. Placing the 2006/08 Commodity Price Boom into Perspective. Washington, DC: World Bank. Brandenberger, J. 2010. Input from the National Turkey Federation. Presentation to the Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production, May 3. S. 2009. A sociological look at biofuels: Ethanol in the early decades of the twentieth century and lessons for today. Rural Sociology 74(1):86-112. , and A. Effland. 2007. Fueling the automobile: An economic exploration of early adoption of gasoline over ethanol.

S. Biofuel Policy 16 RENEWABLE FUEL STANDARD INTEREST IN BIOFUELS Changing Demand for Transportation Energy Since World War II, petroleum consumption from transportation in the United States has increased by at least four-fold. The transportation sector required just over 3 million barrels per day of petroleum in 1949; by 2009, it consumed about 13 million barrels per day (EIA, 2010b). S. demand for transportation fuel will reach about 15 million barrels per day by 2022 and 16 million barrels per day by 2035 (EIA, 2010a).

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