By Oon-Seng Tan
In trying to innovate studying and get ready a brand new new release for the calls for of a knowledgebased financial system, many education associations and colleges have launched into using problembased studying (PBL) methods. This booklet explains why PBL has develop into an innovation in schooling. the writer presents readers with an up-to-date and holistic viewpoint of ways to essentially infuse PBL into the curricula.
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Additional info for Problem-based Learning Innovation: Using problems to power learning in the 21st century
Some PBL modules are designed primarily to emphasize skills such as information mining and collaboration; as such the nature of the problem presented and the learning environment designed will be very different. The kind of PBL to be infused into the curriculum also depends on the profile and maturity of the students and their previous experiences, the flexibility of the existing curriculum, assessment expectations, and the time and resources available. The lifewide goals of the PBL module will have implications on the degree of facilitation, mediation and scaffolding needed.
18). Norman and Schmidt (1992) wrote that there is evidence to suggest that PBL enhances: • • • • • transfer of concepts to new problems integration of concepts intrinsic interest in learning self-directed learning learning skills • 28 • W HAT IS P ROBLEM - BASED L EARNING ? Meta-analysis of literature on PBL in medical education by Albanese and Mitchell (1993) revealed that PBL helps students in the construction of knowledge and reasoning skills compared with the traditional teaching approach.
Owing to the examination system, we also tend to adopt a “just-in-case” attitude and cover more and more content. This is contrary to what is needed in the real world today: “just-in-time” knowledge. Preparing Students’ Mindsets It is not easy for students to shift their mindset from one of spoonfeeding to one of inquiry and self-directed learning. Before implementing PBL, it is useful to prepare students, especially when PBL is going to feature as a major part of the curriculum. Students are easily locked into narrow perceptions and tend to do only what is required to clear the immediate academic hurdle.