By Augustin McEvoy, Tom Markvart, Luis Castaner
The so much complete, authoritative and extensively mentioned reference on photovoltaic sun energy
absolutely revised and up to date, the guide of Photovoltaic technological know-how and Engineering, moment Edition accommodates the tremendous technological advances and study advancements in photovoltaics in view that its past unencumber. All themes in relation to the photovoltaic (PV) are mentioned with contributions via distinctive foreign specialists within the field.
major new insurance includes:
- three thoroughly new chapters and 6 chapters with new authors
- device buildings, processing, and production thoughts for the 3 significant skinny movie PV applied sciences
- high functionality methods for multijunction, concentrator, and house purposes
- new kinds of natural polymer and dye-sensitized sunlight cells
- economic research of assorted coverage techniques to stimulate PV development together with influence of private and non-private funding
specified therapy covers:
- scientific foundation of the photovoltaic impression and sunlight mobilephone operation
- the construction of sun silicon and of silicon-based sunlight cells and modules
- how selection of semiconductor fabrics and their creation impression bills and function
- making measurements on sunlight cells and modules and the way to narrate effects below standardised attempt stipulations to genuine open air functionality
- photovoltaic method set up and operation of parts reminiscent of inverters and batteries.
- architectural purposes of building-integrated PV
each one bankruptcy is based to be in part available to newcomers whereas supplying certain details of the physics and know-how for specialists. Encompassing a overview of earlier paintings and the basics in sun electrical technology, this can be a prime reference and priceless source for all practitioners, specialists, researchers and scholars within the PV industry.
Chapter 1 Achievements and demanding situations of sunlight electrical energy from Photovoltaics (pages 1–38): Steven Hegedus and Antonio Luque
Chapter 2 The function of coverage in PV progress: previous, current and destiny (pages 39–81): John Byrne and Lado Kurdgelashvili
Chapter three The Physics of the sunlight cellphone (pages 82–129): Jeffery L. Gray
Chapter four Theoretical Limits of Photovoltaic Conversion and New?Generation sun Cells (pages 130–168): Antonio Luque and Antonio Marti
Chapter five sun Grade Silicon Feedstock (pages 169–217): Bruno Ceccaroli and Otto Lohne
Chapter 6 Bulk Crystal development and Wafering for PV (pages 218–264): Hugo Rodriguez, Ismael Guerrero, Wolfgang Koch, Arthur L. Endros, Dieter Franke, Christian Ha?ler, Juris P. Kalejs and H. J. Moller
Chapter 7 Crystalline Silicon sunlight Cells and Modules (pages 265–313): Ignacio Tobias, Carlos del Canizo and Jesus Alonso
Chapter eight High?Efficiency III–V Multijunction sun Cells (pages 314–364): D. J. Friedman, J. M. Olson and Sarah Kurtz
Chapter nine area sunlight Cells and Arrays (pages 365–401): Sheila Bailey and Ryne Raffaelle
Chapter 10 Photovoltaic Concentrators (pages 402–451): Gabriel Sala and Ignacio Anton
Chapter eleven Crystalline Silicon Thin?Film sun Cells through High?Temperature and Intermediate?Temperature techniques (pages 452–486): Armin G. Aberle and in line with I. Widenborg
Chapter 12 Amorphous Silicon?Based sunlight Cells (pages 487–545): Eric A. Schiff, Steven Hegedus and Xunming Deng
Chapter thirteen Cu(InGa)Se2 sunlight Cells (pages 546–599): William N. Shafarman, Susanne Siebentritt and Lars Stolt
Chapter 14 Cadmium Telluride sunlight Cells (pages 600–641): Brian E. McCandless and James R. Sites
Chapter 15 Dye?Sensitized sun Cells (pages 642–674): Kohjiro Hara and Shogo Mori
Chapter sixteen solar power Conversion through Organics (pages 675–715): Sam?Shajing solar and Hugh O'Neill
Chapter 17 obvious carrying out Oxides for Photovoltaics (pages 716–796): Alan E. Delahoy and Sheyu Guo
Chapter 18 dimension and Characterization of sun Cells and Modules (pages 797–840): Keith Emery
Chapter 19 PV structures (pages 841–895): Charles M. Whitaker, Timothy U. Townsend, Anat Razon, Raymond M. Hudson and Xavier Vallve
Chapter 20 Electrochemical garage for Photovoltaics (pages 896–953): Dirk Uwe Sauer
Chapter 21 energy Conditioning for Photovoltaic energy structures (pages 954–983): Heribert Schmidt, Bruno Burger and Jurgen Schmid
Chapter 22 strength accrued and introduced by way of PV Modules (pages 984–1042): Eduardo Lorenzo
Chapter 23 PV in structure (pages 1043–1077): Tjerk H. Reijenga and Henk F. Kaan
Chapter 24 Photovoltaics and improvement (pages 1078–1105): Jorge M. Huacuz, Jaime Agredano and Lalith Gunaratne
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Additional info for Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Second Edition
Then, their electric bill is determined by the utility using “net metering” where the customer pays only the net difference between what they used and what they generated. Thus, they get a reduction in the initial price of the system, and their PV electricity is valued at the same rate as their utility electricity. This initiated the new market of grid-connected residential and commercial buildings, PV’s ﬁrst big burst in growth, beginning around 1995. Interestingly, government support of photovoltaics in Japan has been decreasing while the market for PV homes has continued to show a good growth rate.
But the brief two years of Spanish leadership in PV installation, created by favorable feed-in tariff (FIT) legislation, ended in 2009 due to restrictive modiﬁcations of the law. The difference between production and installation for 2008 has been variously quoted as 1500–2500 MW. This may represent a double counting of production caused by including both the cells produced in one factory and delivered to a second one for making into modules, and also counting the modules made in the second factory.
Some have been in continuous outdoor operation on Earth or in space for over 30 years. 1 lists some of the advantages and disadvantages of PV. 1 Advantages and disadvantages of photovoltaics Advantages of photovoltaics • Fuel source is vast, widely accessible and essentially inﬁnite • No emissions, combustion or radioactive waste (does not contribute perceptibly to global climate change or air/water pollution) • Low operating costs (no fuel) • No moving parts (no wear); theoretically everlasting • Ambient temperature operation (no high-temperature corrosion or safety issues) • High reliability of solar modules (manufacturers’ guarantees over 30 years) • Rather predictable annual output • Modular (small or large increments) • Can be integrated into new or existing building structures • Can be very rapidly installed at nearly any point-of-use Disadvantages of photovoltaics • • • • Fuel source is diffuse (sunlight is a relatively low-density energy) High initial (installed) costs Unpredictable hourly or daily output Lack of economical efﬁcient energy storage WHAT IS PHOTOVOLTAICS?