Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems by Seishu Tojo (Auth.)

By Seishu Tojo (Auth.)

Researchers, scholars and engineers operating with biofuels and biomass are more and more anticipated to realize a brand new holistic platforms standpoint that starts with clever crop breeding and cultivation innovations and informs the complete conversion to strength strategy. This quantity offers diversified examples of effectively applied sustainable biomass study in Asia, highlighting the demanding situations confronted via designers of recent biomass construction amenities and easy methods to strengthen methods to beat them. as well as delivering an authoritative consultant at the usage of the authors' pattern feedstocks, rice straw and sunflower, the authors offer classes proper to stakeholders concerned with all demeanour of biomass construction initiatives via drawing out very important comparisons and contrasts that needs to be taken into consideration whilst determining easy methods to make the most of biomass as an strength source in a manner that's economically possible and environmentally sustainable.

  • Provides varied examples of effectively carried out biomass learn, highlighting insights on universal bottlenecks and methods built to beat them
  • Features assurance of the total feedstock lifestyles cycle, from crop breeding to commercial
    application, targeting three key components: biomass creation, biofuel conversion applied sciences, and sustainable practices
  • Examines locally suitable feedstock, rice-straw and sunflower, appearing a evaluate and distinction research of agricultural creation equipment, economics, conversion structures, and environmental impacts

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By Seishu Tojo (Auth.)

Researchers, scholars and engineers operating with biofuels and biomass are more and more anticipated to realize a brand new holistic platforms standpoint that starts with clever crop breeding and cultivation innovations and informs the complete conversion to strength strategy. This quantity offers diversified examples of effectively applied sustainable biomass study in Asia, highlighting the demanding situations confronted via designers of recent biomass construction amenities and easy methods to strengthen methods to beat them. as well as delivering an authoritative consultant at the usage of the authors' pattern feedstocks, rice straw and sunflower, the authors offer classes proper to stakeholders concerned with all demeanour of biomass construction initiatives via drawing out very important comparisons and contrasts that needs to be taken into consideration whilst determining easy methods to make the most of biomass as an strength source in a manner that's economically possible and environmentally sustainable.

  • Provides varied examples of effectively carried out biomass learn, highlighting insights on universal bottlenecks and methods built to beat them
  • Features assurance of the total feedstock lifestyles cycle, from crop breeding to commercial
    application, targeting three key components: biomass creation, biofuel conversion applied sciences, and sustainable practices
  • Examines locally suitable feedstock, rice-straw and sunflower, appearing a evaluate and distinction research of agricultural creation equipment, economics, conversion structures, and environmental impacts

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Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s Future Energy Needs by Ayhan Demirbas

By Ayhan Demirbas

Biofuel is a renewable power resource made out of normal (biobased) fabrics, that are used instead for petroleum fuels. some great benefits of biofuels over conventional fuels contain higher power defense, diminished environmental effect, foreign currency echange mark downs, and socioeconomic concerns concerning the agricultural area. in addition, biofuel know-how is suitable to either constructing and industrialized international locations. For those purposes, the proportion of biofuels within the car gas industry is predicted to develop quickly over the subsequent decade.

The commonest biofuels, corresponding to ethanol from corn, wheat or sugar beet and biodiesel from oil seeds, are made from vintage meals vegetation that require fine quality agricultural land for progress. notwithstanding, bioethanol is a petroleum additive/substitute that may be made from considerable, household, cellulosic biomass assets resembling herbaceous and woody vegetation, agricultural and forestry residues, and a wide element of municipal and commercial reliable waste streams. construction of bioethanol from biomass is a method to lessen either the intake of crude oil and environmental toxins. there's additionally a starting to be curiosity within the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel, that is much less polluting than traditional petroleum diesel fuel.

Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s destiny power Needs discusses the construction of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wooden, straw or even family waste) via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The e-book is a crucial textual content for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in power engineering, in addition to specialist gasoline engineers.

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By Ayhan Demirbas

Biofuel is a renewable power resource made out of normal (biobased) fabrics, that are used instead for petroleum fuels. some great benefits of biofuels over conventional fuels contain higher power defense, diminished environmental effect, foreign currency echange mark downs, and socioeconomic concerns concerning the agricultural area. in addition, biofuel know-how is suitable to either constructing and industrialized international locations. For those purposes, the proportion of biofuels within the car gas industry is predicted to develop quickly over the subsequent decade.

The commonest biofuels, corresponding to ethanol from corn, wheat or sugar beet and biodiesel from oil seeds, are made from vintage meals vegetation that require fine quality agricultural land for progress. notwithstanding, bioethanol is a petroleum additive/substitute that may be made from considerable, household, cellulosic biomass assets resembling herbaceous and woody vegetation, agricultural and forestry residues, and a wide element of municipal and commercial reliable waste streams. construction of bioethanol from biomass is a method to lessen either the intake of crude oil and environmental toxins. there's additionally a starting to be curiosity within the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel, that is much less polluting than traditional petroleum diesel fuel.

Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s destiny power Needs discusses the construction of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wooden, straw or even family waste) via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The e-book is a crucial textual content for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in power engineering, in addition to specialist gasoline engineers.

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Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Cleaning Agents and Systems by Barbara Kanegsberg, Edward Kanegsberg

By Barbara Kanegsberg, Edward Kanegsberg

Cleaning brokers and Systems is the 1st quantity within the Handbook for severe cleansing, moment Edition.


Should you fresh your product in the course of production? if this is the case, whilst and the way? cleansing is vital for correct functionality, optimum caliber, and elevated revenues. insufficient cleansing of product parts may end up in catastrophic failure of the complete approach and severe risks to participants and most people.

Gain a aggressive area with confirmed cleansing and contamination-control strategies

A decade after the bestselling unique, the Handbook for severe cleansing, moment Edition is helping brands meet today’s demanding situations, offering useful details and point of view approximately cleansing chemistries, apparatus, methods, and purposes. With ninety% new or revised chapters plus supplementary on-line fabric, the instruction manual has grown into complete volumes: Cleaning brokers and Systems and Applications, procedures, and Controls.


Helping brands develop into extra effective and efficient, those books:

  • Show how one can bring up profitability and meet either latest and anticipated product call for
  • Clarify the ocean of print and web information regarding cleansing chemistries and techniques
  • Address demanding situations of functionality, miniaturization, and price, in addition to regulatory and provide chain pressures
  • Offer truly written information from the viewpoints of greater than 70 best members in technical, administration, educational, and regulatory disciplines

Overview chapters by means of the editors, icons Barbara and Ed Kanegsberg, meld the various viewpoints and assemble and critique the choices. the result's a whole, cohesive, balanced point of view that is helping brands larger choose, enforce, and keep a top quality, value-added cleansing process.

The first quantity, Handbook for serious cleansing: cleansing brokers and Systems, provides brands a realistic realizing of the diversity and services of cleansing chemistries and cleansing, rinsing, and drying apparatus. subject matters contain aqueous, solvent, and "non-chemical" methods. Readers can evaluate approach expenditures, functionality, and regulatory concerns, after which decide upon their top option.

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By Barbara Kanegsberg, Edward Kanegsberg

Cleaning brokers and Systems is the 1st quantity within the Handbook for severe cleansing, moment Edition.

Should you fresh your product in the course of production? if this is the case, whilst and the way? cleansing is vital for correct functionality, optimum caliber, and elevated revenues. insufficient cleansing of product parts may end up in catastrophic failure of the complete approach and severe risks to participants and most people.

Gain a aggressive area with confirmed cleansing and contamination-control strategies

A decade after the bestselling unique, the Handbook for severe cleansing, moment Edition is helping brands meet today’s demanding situations, offering useful details and point of view approximately cleansing chemistries, apparatus, methods, and purposes. With ninety% new or revised chapters plus supplementary on-line fabric, the instruction manual has grown into complete volumes: Cleaning brokers and Systems and Applications, procedures, and Controls.

Helping brands develop into extra effective and efficient, those books:

  • Show how one can bring up profitability and meet either latest and anticipated product call for
  • Clarify the ocean of print and web information regarding cleansing chemistries and techniques
  • Address demanding situations of functionality, miniaturization, and price, in addition to regulatory and provide chain pressures
  • Offer truly written information from the viewpoints of greater than 70 best members in technical, administration, educational, and regulatory disciplines

Overview chapters by means of the editors, icons Barbara and Ed Kanegsberg, meld the various viewpoints and assemble and critique the choices. the result's a whole, cohesive, balanced point of view that is helping brands larger choose, enforce, and keep a top quality, value-added cleansing process.

The first quantity, Handbook for serious cleansing: cleansing brokers and Systems, provides brands a realistic realizing of the diversity and services of cleansing chemistries and cleansing, rinsing, and drying apparatus. subject matters contain aqueous, solvent, and "non-chemical" methods. Readers can evaluate approach expenditures, functionality, and regulatory concerns, after which decide upon their top option.

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Cogeneration in the Cane Sugar Industry by John Howard Payne

By John Howard Payne

The cane plant is definitely one of the best utilizer of solar power for nutrients creation, and even as offers an identical volume of biomass. the aim of this publication is to set down the original place of sugar cane within the cogeneration box. Simultaneous with the improvement of distance-transmission of electrical energy, sugar cane processors begun cogeneration, employing the cane plant to provide the Read more...

summary: The cane plant is likely one of the best utilizer of sunlight strength for foodstuff construction, and while offers an an identical volume of biomass. the aim of this publication is to set down the original place of sugar cane within the cogeneration box. Simultaneous with the advance of distance-transmission of electrical energy, sugar cane processors all started cogeneration, applying the cane plant to provide the ability for its personal processing, and in recent times extra energy for export. A large view of cogeneration within the cane undefined, overlaying the power to be had in a crop, the know-how of processing for maximum restoration of strength in addition to sugar is gifted right here. The publication describes the main attainable strategies for getting better strength within the type of method steam and electrical energy. Cogeneration within the Cane Sugar can be of curiosity to a extensive spectrum, together with govt organisations, biomass pursuits, energy turbines, public utilities in addition to sugar manufacturers and technologist

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By John Howard Payne

The cane plant is definitely one of the best utilizer of solar power for nutrients creation, and even as offers an identical volume of biomass. the aim of this publication is to set down the original place of sugar cane within the cogeneration box. Simultaneous with the improvement of distance-transmission of electrical energy, sugar cane processors begun cogeneration, employing the cane plant to provide the Read more...

summary: The cane plant is likely one of the best utilizer of sunlight strength for foodstuff construction, and while offers an an identical volume of biomass. the aim of this publication is to set down the original place of sugar cane within the cogeneration box. Simultaneous with the advance of distance-transmission of electrical energy, sugar cane processors all started cogeneration, applying the cane plant to provide the ability for its personal processing, and in recent times extra energy for export. A large view of cogeneration within the cane undefined, overlaying the power to be had in a crop, the know-how of processing for maximum restoration of strength in addition to sugar is gifted right here. The publication describes the main attainable strategies for getting better strength within the type of method steam and electrical energy. Cogeneration within the Cane Sugar can be of curiosity to a extensive spectrum, together with govt organisations, biomass pursuits, energy turbines, public utilities in addition to sugar manufacturers and technologist

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Continue reading "Cogeneration in the Cane Sugar Industry by John Howard Payne"

Solar Silicon Processes: Technologies, Challenges, and by Bruno Ceccaroli, Eivind Ovrelid, Sergio Pizzini

By Bruno Ceccaroli, Eivind Ovrelid, Sergio Pizzini

Polycrystalline silicon (commonly referred to as "polysilicon") is the fabric of selection for photovoltaic (PV) purposes. Polysilicon is the purest artificial fabric out there, notwithstanding its processing via fuel purification and decomposition (commonly referred to as "Siemens" method) incorporates excessive environmental probability. whereas many present optoelectronic purposes require excessive purity, PV functions don't and as a result exchange techniques and fabrics are being explored for PV grade silicon. sun Silicon procedures: applied sciences, demanding situations, and possibilities experiences present and capability destiny processing applied sciences for PV purposes of sun silicon. It describes replacement strategies and problems with fabric purity, rate, and environmental effect. It covers limits of silicon use with appreciate to high-efficiency sun cells and demanding situations bobbing up from R&D actions. The e-book additionally defines purity standards and purification procedures of metallurgical grade silicon (MG-Si) and examines creation of sunlight grade silicon via novel tactics without delay from MG-Si and/or by way of decomposition of silane gasoline in a fluidized mattress reactor (FBR). moreover, the book:

Analyzes prior study and business improvement of inexpensive silicon procedures in view of figuring out destiny tendencies during this field.
Discusses demanding situations and chance of luck of assorted sun silicon processes.
Covers strategies which are extra environmentally sensitive.
Describes limits of silicon use with recognize to high-efficiency sun cells and demanding situations bobbing up from R&D activities.
Defines purity requisites and purification methods of MG-Si.
Examines construction of sun grade silicon without delay from MG-Si.

Show description

By Bruno Ceccaroli, Eivind Ovrelid, Sergio Pizzini

Polycrystalline silicon (commonly referred to as "polysilicon") is the fabric of selection for photovoltaic (PV) purposes. Polysilicon is the purest artificial fabric out there, notwithstanding its processing via fuel purification and decomposition (commonly referred to as "Siemens" method) incorporates excessive environmental probability. whereas many present optoelectronic purposes require excessive purity, PV functions don't and as a result exchange techniques and fabrics are being explored for PV grade silicon. sun Silicon procedures: applied sciences, demanding situations, and possibilities experiences present and capability destiny processing applied sciences for PV purposes of sun silicon. It describes replacement strategies and problems with fabric purity, rate, and environmental effect. It covers limits of silicon use with appreciate to high-efficiency sun cells and demanding situations bobbing up from R&D actions. The e-book additionally defines purity standards and purification procedures of metallurgical grade silicon (MG-Si) and examines creation of sunlight grade silicon via novel tactics without delay from MG-Si and/or by way of decomposition of silane gasoline in a fluidized mattress reactor (FBR). moreover, the book:

Analyzes prior study and business improvement of inexpensive silicon procedures in view of figuring out destiny tendencies during this field.
Discusses demanding situations and chance of luck of assorted sun silicon processes.
Covers strategies which are extra environmentally sensitive.
Describes limits of silicon use with recognize to high-efficiency sun cells and demanding situations bobbing up from R&D activities.
Defines purity requisites and purification methods of MG-Si.
Examines construction of sun grade silicon without delay from MG-Si.

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Continue reading "Solar Silicon Processes: Technologies, Challenges, and by Bruno Ceccaroli, Eivind Ovrelid, Sergio Pizzini"

The Treatment of Pain with Chinese Herbs and Acupuncture by Peilin Sun MD

By Peilin Sun MD

Even though chinese language drugs perspectives ache as one element of a trend, targeting ache because the major proposing symptom is a realistic method of arriving at a prognosis. this article supplies an intensive and analytical evaluation of the prognosis and treatments for ache, utilizing acupuncture and chinese language natural drugs. in keeping with the medical adventure of the writer and supported by way of the services of revered acupuncturists in chinese language universities, The remedy of discomfort with chinese language Herbs and Acupuncture bargains a finished, certain set of remedies for a large choice of ache signs and prerequisites. designated transformations of particular remedies aid the reader adapt theories to scientific practice.

  • Includes thorough discussions of natural and acupuncture remedies for universal and intricate ache conditions.
  • Deals comprehensively with discomfort because the commonest medical proposing symptom.
  • Presents remedies and indicates changes to those plans, providing quite a lot of therapy options.
  • Includes particular case histories that function examples of ways to technique particular situations.
  • Describes the etiologies and pathologies for soreness within the context of conventional chinese language Medicine.
  • Offers transparent discussions at the ideas of therapy, and acupuncture element choice and combination.
  • Explains and describes natural and acupuncture remedies for universal and complicated soreness conditions.

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By Peilin Sun MD

Even though chinese language drugs perspectives ache as one element of a trend, targeting ache because the major proposing symptom is a realistic method of arriving at a prognosis. this article supplies an intensive and analytical evaluation of the prognosis and treatments for ache, utilizing acupuncture and chinese language natural drugs. in keeping with the medical adventure of the writer and supported by way of the services of revered acupuncturists in chinese language universities, The remedy of discomfort with chinese language Herbs and Acupuncture bargains a finished, certain set of remedies for a large choice of ache signs and prerequisites. designated transformations of particular remedies aid the reader adapt theories to scientific practice.

  • Includes thorough discussions of natural and acupuncture remedies for universal and intricate ache conditions.
  • Deals comprehensively with discomfort because the commonest medical proposing symptom.
  • Presents remedies and indicates changes to those plans, providing quite a lot of therapy options.
  • Includes particular case histories that function examples of ways to technique particular situations.
  • Describes the etiologies and pathologies for soreness within the context of conventional chinese language Medicine.
  • Offers transparent discussions at the ideas of therapy, and acupuncture element choice and combination.
  • Explains and describes natural and acupuncture remedies for universal and complicated soreness conditions.

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Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technologies by Ting Wang, Gary J. Stiegel

By Ting Wang, Gary J. Stiegel

Integrated Gasification mixed Cycle (IGCC) Technologies discusses this leading edge energy iteration expertise that mixes glossy coal gasification expertise with either fuel turbine and steam turbine strength new release, a major rising expertise which has the capability to noticeably increase the efficiencies and emissions of coal energy crops.

The merits of this know-how over traditional pulverized coal energy crops comprise gas flexibility, better efficiencies, and intensely low pollutant emissions. The publication stories the present prestige and destiny advancements of key applied sciences all for IGCC vegetation and the way they are often built-in to maximise potency and decrease the price of electrical energy new release in a carbon-constrained international.

The first a part of this booklet introduces the rules of IGCC platforms and the gas kinds to be used in IGCC platforms. the second one half covers syngas creation inside of IGCC platforms. The 3rd half seems at syngas cleansing, the separation of CO2 and hydrogen enrichment, with ultimate sections describing the fuel turbine mixed cycle and providing a number of case reports of current IGCC plants.

  • Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor assessment of built-in gasification mixed cycle technologies
  • Reviews the present prestige and destiny advancements of key applied sciences concerned about IGCC plants
  • Provides numerous case experiences of current IGCC crops round the world

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By Ting Wang, Gary J. Stiegel

Integrated Gasification mixed Cycle (IGCC) Technologies discusses this leading edge energy iteration expertise that mixes glossy coal gasification expertise with either fuel turbine and steam turbine strength new release, a major rising expertise which has the capability to noticeably increase the efficiencies and emissions of coal energy crops.

The merits of this know-how over traditional pulverized coal energy crops comprise gas flexibility, better efficiencies, and intensely low pollutant emissions. The publication stories the present prestige and destiny advancements of key applied sciences all for IGCC vegetation and the way they are often built-in to maximise potency and decrease the price of electrical energy new release in a carbon-constrained international.

The first a part of this booklet introduces the rules of IGCC platforms and the gas kinds to be used in IGCC platforms. the second one half covers syngas creation inside of IGCC platforms. The 3rd half seems at syngas cleansing, the separation of CO2 and hydrogen enrichment, with ultimate sections describing the fuel turbine mixed cycle and providing a number of case reports of current IGCC plants.

  • Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor assessment of built-in gasification mixed cycle technologies
  • Reviews the present prestige and destiny advancements of key applied sciences concerned about IGCC plants
  • Provides numerous case experiences of current IGCC crops round the world

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Renewable Energy Technologies by Jean-Claude Sabonnadi?re

By Jean-Claude Sabonnadi?re

This ebook bargains with the rising new release of renewable strength applied sciences, protecting solar power (photovoltaic, thermal and thermodynamic power conversion), wind power, marine power, small hydropower, geothermal power, biofuels, biogas and using wooden instead for fossil fuels.

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By Jean-Claude Sabonnadi?re

This ebook bargains with the rising new release of renewable strength applied sciences, protecting solar power (photovoltaic, thermal and thermodynamic power conversion), wind power, marine power, small hydropower, geothermal power, biofuels, biogas and using wooden instead for fossil fuels.

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Thermal Engineering in Power Systems by R S Amano; B Sunden

By R S Amano; B Sunden

Learn and improvement in thermal engineering for energy platforms are of important value to many scientists who paintings in power-related industries and laboratories. This ebook specializes in various learn parts together with parts of Compressors and generators which are used for electrical energy platforms and aero engines, gas Cells, strength Conversion, and effort Reuse and Recycling structures. To be aggressive in modern-day marketplace, energy platforms have to lessen working expenses, elevate ability and care for many different difficult concerns. warmth move and fluid stream concerns are of serious value.  Read more... disguise; Thermal Engineering in energy structures; Copyright web page; Contents; Preface; bankruptcy 1: Relevance of warmth move and warmth exchangers for the improvement of sustainable power platforms; bankruptcy 2: complex applied sciences for fresh and effective strength conversion in energy platforms; bankruptcy three: digital engineering and the layout of energy platforms; bankruptcy four: Steam energy vegetation; bankruptcy five: Enhancement of nuclear energy plant protection via condensation-driven passive warmth elimination platforms; bankruptcy 6: sleek CFD program on aerothermal engineering facets of ordinary draft cooling towers. bankruptcy 7: leading edge gasoline turbine cooling techniquesChapter eight: scorching gasoline direction warmth move characteristics/active cooling of turbine elements; bankruptcy nine: layout and optimization of rapid compressors; bankruptcy 10: Advances in realizing the move in a centrifugal compressor impeller and more desirable layout; bankruptcy eleven: Thermal engineering in hybrid automobile platforms

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By R S Amano; B Sunden

Learn and improvement in thermal engineering for energy platforms are of important value to many scientists who paintings in power-related industries and laboratories. This ebook specializes in various learn parts together with parts of Compressors and generators which are used for electrical energy platforms and aero engines, gas Cells, strength Conversion, and effort Reuse and Recycling structures. To be aggressive in modern-day marketplace, energy platforms have to lessen working expenses, elevate ability and care for many different difficult concerns. warmth move and fluid stream concerns are of serious value.  Read more... disguise; Thermal Engineering in energy structures; Copyright web page; Contents; Preface; bankruptcy 1: Relevance of warmth move and warmth exchangers for the improvement of sustainable power platforms; bankruptcy 2: complex applied sciences for fresh and effective strength conversion in energy platforms; bankruptcy three: digital engineering and the layout of energy platforms; bankruptcy four: Steam energy vegetation; bankruptcy five: Enhancement of nuclear energy plant protection via condensation-driven passive warmth elimination platforms; bankruptcy 6: sleek CFD program on aerothermal engineering facets of ordinary draft cooling towers. bankruptcy 7: leading edge gasoline turbine cooling techniquesChapter eight: scorching gasoline direction warmth move characteristics/active cooling of turbine elements; bankruptcy nine: layout and optimization of rapid compressors; bankruptcy 10: Advances in realizing the move in a centrifugal compressor impeller and more desirable layout; bankruptcy eleven: Thermal engineering in hybrid automobile platforms

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