On-site habitability in the event of an accident at a by International Atomic Energy Agency

By International Atomic Energy Agency

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By International Atomic Energy Agency

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Extra resources for On-site habitability in the event of an accident at a nuclear facility : guidance for assessment and improvement

Sample text

Its purpose is to enhance the safety of anyone who is called upon to work in a hostile or dangerous environment; it must therefore match the demands of the tasks to be performed as well as the physical characteristics of the wearer. By way of example, in the Chernobyl accident, protective equipment was insufficient to protect fire brigade personnel from beta radiation [3,4]. Virtually every type of PPE detracts in some way from the wearer's normal standards of performance and abilities by affecting bodily comfort, freedom of movement, sensitivity of touch, clarity of vision and speech, acuteness of hearing, etc.

Since protective measures are usually burdensome and can in themselves contribute to increased stress upon those who are affected by them, there will be considerable pressure either to make them unnecessary or to reduce or modify them. 4. ABILITY TO CONDUCT OR APPLY THE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY The ability to conduct or apply the methodology falls into the area of mental preparedness wherein personnel called upon to assist in mitigating the consequences of an accident have been trained in the use of the methodology set forth in this report.

3. 1. General Evaluation of the source term requires that estimates should be made of the quantity and time release characteristics of the radioactive material which could escape from its designed place of confinement. 2. Example of evaluating the hazard source The scenario chosen foresees a release of radioactive materials to the containment atmosphere as well as to the water in the containment. This water, from the reactor cooling system, will be diluted by non-radioactive water in the initial stages of the use of the emergency core cooling system (ECCS).

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