By International Atomic Energy Agency.; International Labour Office
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Extra info for Occupational radiation protection
2], para. 23) state that: “Registrants and licensees shall: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) delineate controlled areas by physical means or, where this is not reasonably practicable, by some other suitable means; where a source is brought into operation or energized only intermittently or is moved from place to place, delineate an appropriate controlled area by means that are appropriate under the prevailing circumstances and specify exposure times; display a warning symbol, such as that recommended by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)12 and appropriate instructions at access points and other appropriate locations within controlled areas; establish occupational protection and safety measures, including local rules and procedures that are appropriate for controlled areas; restrict access to controlled areas by means of administrative procedures, such as the use of work permits, and by physical barriers, which could include locks or interlocks; the degree of restriction being commensurate with the magnitude and likelihood of the expected exposures; provide, as appropriate, at entrances to controlled areas: (i) protective clothing and equipment; (ii) monitoring equipment; and (iii) suitable storage for personal clothing; provide, as appropriate, at exits from controlled areas: (i) equipment for monitoring for contamination of skin and clothing; (ii) equipment for monitoring for contamination of any object or substance being removed from the area; (iii) washing or showering facilities; and (iv) suitable storage for contaminated protective clothing and equipment; and 35 (h) periodically review conditions to determine the possible need to revise the protection measures or safety provisions, or the boundaries of controlled areas.
2], para. 36. When an operation is to be conducted during which significant radiation or contamination levels may be encountered, or implementation of which may be complex (involving several working groups and numerous activities), advance work planning is one of the most important means of achieving optimization of protection. The Radiation Protection Officer should take part in the planning of activities involving significant exposures, and should advise on the conditions under which work can be undertaken in controlled areas.
Since dose constraints are source related, the source to which they relate should be specified. Dose constraints may be set by management, in consultation with those involved in the exposure situation. Regulatory authorities may use them in a generic way — for categories of similar sources, practices or tasks — or specifically, in licensing individual sources, practices or tasks. The establishment of constraints may be the result of interaction between the regulatory authority, the affected operators and, where appropriate, workers’ representatives.