Nuclear Reactor Physics by Weston M. Stacey

By Weston M. Stacey

Nuclear reactor physics is the center self-discipline of nuclear engineering. Nuclear reactors now account for a good portion of energy generated around the world, and new strength reactors with better gasoline cycles are being constructed. while, the earlier few a long time have visible an ever-increasing variety of commercial, scientific, army, and study functions for nuclear reactors. the second one variation of this profitable complete textbook and reference on easy and complicated nuclear reactor physics has been thoroughly up-to-date, revised and enlarged to incorporate the most recent advancements.

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By Weston M. Stacey

Nuclear reactor physics is the center self-discipline of nuclear engineering. Nuclear reactors now account for a good portion of energy generated around the world, and new strength reactors with better gasoline cycles are being constructed. while, the earlier few a long time have visible an ever-increasing variety of commercial, scientific, army, and study functions for nuclear reactors. the second one variation of this profitable complete textbook and reference on easy and complicated nuclear reactor physics has been thoroughly up-to-date, revised and enlarged to incorporate the most recent advancements.

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H n l . ~ v / C u N / index. ) 16 NEUTRON NUCLEAR REACTIONS Neutron Energy (eV) Fig. ) U238 Ca~tureCross Section MT = 27 10-1 lo0 lo1 lo2 lo3 lo4 lo5 lo6 107 Neutron Energy (eV) Fig. 17 Radiativc capture cross section for 2 3 X ~ 9 2(From . ) NEUTRON CAPTURE 17 Pu240 Capture Cross Section MT = 27 Neutron Energy (eV) Pig. ) Iron Capture Cross Section MT = 27 Fig. 19 Radiative capture cross section for 56~e26. ) 18 NEUTRON NUCLEAR REACTIONS Na23 Capture Cross Section MT = 27 I O ' ~ . '"' . % 10-~ 0 0 3 2 0 10-3 I0-4 10-1 100 lo1 102 lo3 Neutron Energy (eV) lo4 lo5 lo6 lo7 Fig.

L . * zz v 9 2 2 0, 2 2 Cross Section (barns) 0, 2 $8 Cross Sect~on(barns) B A 0 0 G O IC, A S A 2 O , 4 Cross Section (barns) A 2 A O A _ O A , s Sm 2 Cross Section (barns) NEUTRON-INDUCED NUCLEAR FISSION 9 Pu240 FISSION CROSS MT = 18 Neutron Energy (eV) Fig. ) 240~94. (From h t t p : / / w w . d n e . b n l . g o ~ / C o N / Neutron energy, Mev Fig. 8 Fission cross sections for principal nonfissile heavy mays nuclides. (From Ref. ) 10 NEUTRON NUCLEAR REACTIONS 0 THERMAL NEUTRONS A 14-Mev NEUTRONS I 70 80 I 100 1 120 I 140 160 MASSNUMBER Fig.

From Ref. ) The velocity of the CM system in the L system is and the velocities of the neutron and the nucleus in the CM system are The energy of the neutron in the CM system, E,, is related to the energy of the neutron in the lab, EL, by ELASTIC SCATTERING KINEMATICS 29 Correlation of Scattering Angle and Energy Loss From consideration of conservation of momentum and kinetic energy, it can be shown that the speeds of the neutron and the nucleus in the center-of-mass system do not change during the scattering event: With reference to Fig.

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