By Bep Oliver-Bever
First released in 1986, this publication describes an important medicinal vegetation in tropical West Africa and comparable humid tropical climates. After a brief advent approximately early conventional drugs, the majority of the e-book supplies an account of in the community happening vegetation, grouped by means of their medicinal activities. crops that have an effect on the cardiovascular and anxious platforms are mentioned, as are people with antibiotic, insecticidal and molluscicidal homes. these which impact the hormonal structures of people are catalogued and so are others that act as adrenal-cortex, intercourse and thyroid hormones. there's a complete botanical index, such as the generally came upon synonyms for plenty of of the vegetation and the paintings is illustrated through the author's personal water shades. it can be of specific curiosity and use to pharmacists, biochemists, botanists and pharmacologists and of significant worth to people who make the most in the neighborhood to be had assets in treating illnesses in tropical components.
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Additional info for Medicinal Plants in Tropical West Africa
Hirta Wright, 5 . guineensis Schum. ) SOLANACEAE The root of this solanaceous shrub is a common remedy for rheumatic pains and swellings in northern Nigeria; in Ghana it is used as a cough medicine and in Angola for chest complaints (Dalziel, 1937). According to Rabate (1940), the leaves, roots and stems of the plant contain a glycoside, schwenkioside, which has a phenolic aglycone, schwenkiol, and also traces of alkaloids. However, Patel and Rowson (1964) could not identify schwenkioside but found a steroid sapogenin to be the main constituent of this herb in Nigeria.
Chiov. syn. (P. ) ASCLEPIADACEAE Locally, anthelmintic properties are attributed to the leaves of the plant. The latex or a poultice of the leaves is also applied to boils and abscesses, and the plant is said to have emmenagogic action. In Ghana a soup made with the leaves is given to women immediately after childbirth (Dalziel, 1937). The stems of the plant contain uzarigenin, coroglaucigenin and calactin (India), 25 whilst in the seeds calactin, calotropin and eight further cardenolides are found.
Are Fig. 4. ) Ait. 24 given in northern Nigeria in decoction with native soda for intestinal troubles. In East Africa the roots are used to stimulate digestion (Dalziel, 1937). The roots of both Asclepias spp. , 1958; Patel and Rowson, 1964; Singh and Rastogi, 1969; Patnaik and Dhawan, 1971; Hocking, 1976). The leaves contain polyphenols (quercetin and kaempferol) (Bate-Smith, 1962). The alcoholic extract of the plant and asclepin have a digitoxin-like cardiotonic action and the total extract is used as a diuretic, expectorant and emetic (Paris and Moyse, 1971, p.