# Measuring What Counts: A Conceptual Guide for Mathematics by Mathematical Sciences Education Board, National Research

By Mathematical Sciences Education Board, National Research Council

To accomplish nationwide ambitions for schooling, we needs to degree the issues that truly count number. "Measuring What Counts" establishes the most important research-based connections among criteria and review. Arguing for a greater stability among academic and dimension issues within the improvement and use of arithmetic evaluation, this e-book units forth 3 ideas - on the topic of content material, studying, and fairness - which may shape the foundation for brand spanking new exams that help rising nationwide criteria in arithmetic schooling.

By Mathematical Sciences Education Board, National Research Council

To accomplish nationwide ambitions for schooling, we needs to degree the issues that truly count number. "Measuring What Counts" establishes the most important research-based connections among criteria and review. Arguing for a greater stability among academic and dimension issues within the improvement and use of arithmetic evaluation, this e-book units forth 3 ideas - on the topic of content material, studying, and fairness - which may shape the foundation for brand spanking new exams that help rising nationwide criteria in arithmetic schooling.

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Desk of Contents

* 1 Henri Cartan Les travaux de Koszul, I (Lie algebra cohomology)
* 2 Claude Chabauty Le théorème de Minkowski-Hlawka (Minkowski-Hlawka theorem)
* three Claude Chevalley L'hypothèse de Riemann pour les corps de fonctions algébriques de caractéristique p, I, d'après Weil (local zeta-function)
* four Roger Godement Groupe complexe unimodulaire, I : Les représentations unitaires irréductibles du groupe complexe unimodulaire, d'après Gelfand et Neumark (representation idea of the complicated specific linear group)
* five Léo Kaloujnine Sur los angeles constitution de p-groupes de Sylow des groupes symétriques finis et de quelques généralisations infinies de ces groupes (Sylow theorems, symmetric teams, countless staff theory)
* 6. Pierre Samuel los angeles théorie des correspondances birationnelles selon Zariski (birational geometry)
* 7 Jean Braconnier Sur les suites de composition d'un groupe et los angeles travel des groupes d'automorphismes d'un groupe fini, d'après H. Wielandt (finite groups)
* eight Henri Cartan, Les travaux de Koszul, II (see 1)
* nine Claude Chevalley, L'hypothèse de Riemann pour les groupes de fonctions algébriques de caractéristique p, II,, d'après Weil (see 3)
* 10 Luc Gauthier, Théorie des correspondances birationnelles selon Zariski (see 6)
* eleven Laurent Schwartz, Sur un mémoire de Petrowsky : "Über das Cauchysche challenge für ein procedure linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen im gebiete nichtanalytischen Funktionen" (partial differential equations)
* 12 Henri Cartan, Les travaux de Koszul, III (see 1)
* thirteen Roger Godement, Groupe complexe unimodulaire, II : l. a. transformation de Fourier dans le groupe complexe unimodulaire à deux variables, d'après Gelfand et Neumark (see 4)
* 14 Marc Krasner, Les travaux récents de R. Brauer en théorie des groupes (finite groups)
* 15 Laurent Schwartz, Sur un deuxième mémoire de Petrowsky : "Über das Cauchysche challenge für process von partiellen Differentialgleichungen" (see 11)
* sixteen André Weil Théorèmes fondamentaux de los angeles théorie des fonctions thêta, d'après des mémoires de Poincaré et Frobenius (theta functions)
* 17 André Blanchard, Groupes algébriques et équations différentielles linéaires, d'après E. Kolchin (differential Galois theory)
* 18 Jean Dieudonné, Géométrie des espaces algébriques homogènes, d'après W. L. Chow (algebraic geometry)
* 19 Roger Godement, Sommes keeps d'espaces de Hilbert, I (functional research, direct integrals)
* 20 Charles Pisot, Démonstration élémentaire du théorème des nombres premiers, d'après Selberg et Erdös (prime quantity theorem)
* 21 Georges Reeb, Propriétés des trajectoires de certains systèmes dynamiques (dynamical systems)
* 22 Pierre Samuel, Anneaux locaux ; advent à los angeles géométrie algébrique (local rings)
* 23 Marie-Hélène Schwartz, Compte-rendu de travaux de M. Heins sur diverses majorations de l. a. croissance des fonctions analytiques et sous-harmoniques (complex research, subharmonic functions)
* 24 Charles Ehresmann, Les connexions infinitésimales dans un espace fibré différentiable (connections on fiber bundles)
* 25 Roger Godement, Sommes keeps d'espaces de Hilbert, II (see 19)
* 26 Laurent Schwartz, Sur un mémoire de ok. Kodaira : "Harmonic fields in riemannian manifolds (generalized power theory)", I (Hodge theory)
* 27 Jean-Pierre Serre, Extensions de groupes localement compacts, d'après Iwasawa et Gleason (locally compact groups)
* 28 René Thom, Les géodésiques dans les variétés à courbure négative, d'après Hopf (geodesics)
* 29 Armand Borel, Groupes localement compacts, d'après Iwasawa et Gleason (see 27)
* 30 Jacques Dixmier, Facteurs : category, measurement, hint (von Neumann algebras)
* 31 Jean-Louis Koszul, Algèbres de Jordan (Jordan algebras)
* 32 Laurent Schwartz, Sur un mémoire de ok. Kodaira : "Harmonic fields in riemannian manifolds (generalized strength theory)", II (see 26)
* 33 Armand Borel, Sous-groupes compacts maximaux des groupes de Lie, d'après Cartan, Iwasawa et Mostow (maximal compact subgroups)
* 34 Henri Cartan, Espaces fibrés analytiques complexes (analytic geometry, fiber bundles)
* 35 Charles Ehresmann, Sur les variétés presque complexes (almost-complex manifolds)
* 36 Samuel Eilenberg, Exposition des théories de Morse et Lusternick-Schnirelmann (Morse conception, Lyusternik-Schnirelmann category)
* 37 Luc Gauthier, Quelques variétés usuelles en géométrie algébrique (algebraic geometry)
* 38 Jean-Louis Koszul, Cohomologie des espaces fibrés différentiables et connexions (Chern-Weil theory)
* 39 Jean Delsarte, Nombre de ideas des équations polynomiales sur un corps fini, d'après A. Weil (Weil conjectures)
* forty Jacques Dixmier, Anneaux d'opérateurs et représentations des groupes (operator algebras, illustration theory)
* forty-one Roger Godement, Théorie des caractères dans les groupes unimodulaires (unimodular groups)
* forty two Pierre Samuel, Théorie du corps de periods neighborhood selon G. P. Hochschild (local type box theory)
* forty three Laurent Schwartz, Les théorèmes de Whitney sur les fonctions différentiables (singularity theory)
* forty four Jean-Pierre Serre, Groupes d'homotopie (homotopy groups)
* forty five Armand Borel, Cohomologie des espaces homogènes (cohomology of homogeneous areas of Lie groups)
* forty six Samuel Eilenberg, Foncteurs de modules et leurs satellites, d'après Cartan et Eilenberg (homological algebra)
* forty seven Marc Krasner, Généralisations non-abéliennes de los angeles théorie locale des corps de periods (local fields)
* forty eight Jean Leray, los angeles résolution des problèmes de Cauchy et de Dirichlet au moyen du calcul symbolique et des projections orthogonales et obliques (Dirichlet difficulties and Cauchy difficulties for partial differential equations, symbolic calculus)
* forty nine Pierre Samuel, Sections hyperplanes des variétés normales, d'après A. Seidenberg (algebraic geometry, hyperplane sections, general kind)

Additional resources for Measuring What Counts: A Conceptual Guide for Mathematics Assessment

Example text

Educational Principles In Context Time spent on assessment is increasing in classrooms across the country. 9 Separate assessments are often administered to answer a wide array of questions, from what the teacher should emphasize in class tomorrow to what the school system should do to improve its overall mathematics program. Whether the sheer number of assessments is reduced is not the primary issue. What is more critical is that any time spent on assessment be time used in pursuit of the goal of excellent education.

These assessments are used primarily by people outside the immediate school community. Although internal assessment is perhaps more obviously and directly connected with the improvement of mathematics learning than external assessment, both types of assessment should advance mathematics education. < previous page page_29 next page > If you like this book, buy it! html9/4/2008 10:44:26 PM page_30 < previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 The Role Of Assessment In Reform Mathematics assessment must change in ways that will both support and be consistent with other changres under way in mathematics education Assessment can play a powerful role in conveying, clearly and directly, the outcomes toward which reform in mathematics is aimed.

Technology such as powerful hand-held graphing calculatorsin reality, hand-held computersallow real-life problems to be explored in the classroom in all their complexity. Just as when they study the natural, physical, and social sciences, students of mathematics should be given opportunities to pose problems and advance hypotheses after they have examined a situation for the patterns and relationships it contains. They need to learn how to construct and use mathematical models of real phenomena.