By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Measuring Innovation: a brand new viewpoint offers new measures and new methods of conventional signs. It builds on 50 years of indicator improvement by way of OECD and is going past R&D to explain the wider context during which innovation happens. It contains a few experimental symptoms that offer perception into new components of coverage curiosity. It highlights dimension gaps and proposes instructions for advancing the size time table. This book starts off by way of describing innovation today. It appears at what's using innovation in agencies, and the way the clinical and study panorama is being reconfigured by way of convergence, interdisciplinarity and the hot geography of innovation sizzling spots. It offers broader measures of innovation, for instance utilizing new symptoms of funding in intangible resources and trademarks. Human capital is the fundamental enter of innovation, and a chain of symptoms appears at how good schooling platforms are contributing to the data and study bases. extra sequence study how enterprises remodel talents and information, and make clear different roles of private and non-private funding in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from significant worldwide demanding situations similar to future health and weather swap. Measuring Innovation is an incredible step in the direction of evidence-based innovation coverage making. It enhances conventional positioning-type signs with ones that convey how innovation is, or can be, associated with policy. It additionally recognises that rather more continues to be performed, and issues to the measurement demanding situations statisticians, researchers and coverage makers alike have to deal with. This ebook contains StatLinks less than each one statistical graph and table.The StatLink presents acces to an Excel?® dossier containing the underlying statistical data.Table of content material :ForewordAcronyms, state Groupings and AbbreviationsTowards a dimension schedule for InnovationChapter 1. Innovation Today-Sources of growth-New resources of growth-Intangible assets-Innovation past R&D-Protection of innovation-Trademarks-Mixed modes of innovation-Collaboration in innovation-Mapping sizzling examine areas-Multidisciplinary and intedisciplinary research-New avid gamers in research-Scientific collaboration-Clusters of knowledge-Innovation hotspots-Science for environmental innovation-Technological innovation for weather change-Transfers of enviornmental technologiesChapter 2. Empowering humans to Innovation-Basic clinical skills-Tertiary education-Doctorate holders-Skills mismatch-International mobility-Entrepreneurial talent-Gap web page - cutting edge office and talents for innovation-Consumers' call for for innovationChapter three. Unleashing Innovation in Firms-Entry and exit-Mobilising deepest funding-Policy environment-Young and leading edge firmsChapter four. making an investment in Innovation-Firms making an investment in R&D-Firms making an investment in innovation-Government investment R&D-Higher schooling and simple research-Information and conversation technologies-Firms and shrewdpermanent infrastructure-Governments and clever infrastructure-Gap web page - Measuring innovation within the public sector-Gap web page - Mulilevel governance of innovationChapter five. Reaping Returns from Innovation-Scientific collaboration-Science and linkages-Knowledge clusters-Commercialisation-Knowledge circulationChapter 6. Addressing international Challenges-Health-Climate change-Other environmental challengesList of figuresData assets
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Additional resources for Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective
These indicators are only a selection of the very rich set of OECD indicators of performance and policy levers in the area of education and employment. Enabling people throughout the economy and society to participate in innovation will provide new ideas, knowledge and capabilities, and enhance the influence of market demand on innovation. A second set of indicators tries to deal with dimensions which are much harder to measure: the mobility of students and workers (and the tacit knowledge they bring with them); entrepreneurial talent (something that is hard to measure but is often considered critical for turning ideas into value); the role of consumers in innovation (as they can drive demand for specific technologies and create markets large enough for innovations to be developed).
1787/835310061550 Measurability The achievement scores are based on assessments administered as part of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) undertaken by the OECD. The most recent available PISA data were collected during the 2006 school year. Around 400 000 students were randomly selected and represented about 20 million 15-year-olds in the schools of the 57 participating countries, including all 30 OECD member countries and 27 partner countries and economies. The target population is students aged from 15 years and 3 (completed) months to 16 years and 2 (completed) months at the beginning of the testing period and who were enrolled in an educational institution at the secondary level, irrespective of the grade level or type of institution, and irrespective of whether they participated in school full-time or part-time.
What is a hot research area? Knowledge creation and flows in cutting-edge research are transmitted through the exchange of information among researchers. Citation of scientific papers is one source of knowledge flows. Analysis of citations and the identification of core papers – those that play a central role in research areas – make it possible to examine research areas and the relations among them. Research areas are identified here via a two-stage clustering of the top 1% of highly cited research papers by using “co-citation” analysis.