Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells: Cases of by Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng

By Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng

Gasoline mobile expertise has attracted nice curiosity in fresh a long time. notwithstanding, development in lignocellulosic biomass-energized gas cells has been gradual. it is because that lignocellulosic biomass ordinarily can't be at once used for electrical energy iteration in a gasoline phone with excessive potency. As a renewable source comes in huge amounts in lots of areas of the area, lignocellulosic biomass could be a promising feedstock for sustainable electrical energy construction utilizing gasoline telephone applied sciences. during this monograph, we specialize in the electrical energy new release in gasoline cells which are operated at excessive temperatures with excessive potency utilizing lignocellulosic biomass-derived fuels. extra in particular, we mentioned biomass conversion coupled reliable oxide gasoline telephone and direct carbon gas telephone. The cutting-edge in expertise improvement, in addition to demanding situations, is printed and views on destiny improvement are supplied

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By Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng

Gasoline mobile expertise has attracted nice curiosity in fresh a long time. notwithstanding, development in lignocellulosic biomass-energized gas cells has been gradual. it is because that lignocellulosic biomass ordinarily can't be at once used for electrical energy iteration in a gasoline phone with excessive potency. As a renewable source comes in huge amounts in lots of areas of the area, lignocellulosic biomass could be a promising feedstock for sustainable electrical energy construction utilizing gasoline telephone applied sciences. during this monograph, we specialize in the electrical energy new release in gasoline cells which are operated at excessive temperatures with excessive potency utilizing lignocellulosic biomass-derived fuels. extra in particular, we mentioned biomass conversion coupled reliable oxide gasoline telephone and direct carbon gas telephone. The cutting-edge in expertise improvement, in addition to demanding situations, is printed and views on destiny improvement are supplied

Show description

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2011. ” Advanced Energy Materials 1, no. 3, pp. 314–32. doi. , J. Vohs, and R. Gorte. 2007. ” Journal of Materials Chemistry 17, no. 30, pp. 3071–77. , S. Griesser, G. Buchinger, A. Olabi, S. Cordiner, and D. M ­ eissner. 2009. “Review of the Micro-Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Part I.  3, pp. 387–99. 004 [30] Lawlor, V. 2013. “Review of the Micro-Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Part II. ” Journal of Power Sources 240, pp. 421–41. 191 [31] Singhal, S. 2000. ” Solid State Ionics 135, no. 1–4, pp.

4). Pure c­ ellulose generally results in the lowest biochar yield, while lignin results in the highest biochar yield. Increasing pyrolysis pressure to 1 MPa can ­substantially increase biochar yield [213]. Woody biomass typically results in greater char yields than those derived from herbaceous ­feedstock because of their higher lignin content. Furthermore, biochar from woody biomass has higher carbon content than those from herbaceous b­ iomass [214]. 4. 5 ~84 to ~50 at 300°C; ~72 to ~40 at 350°C; ~60 to ~36 at 400°C ~40 to ~27 (Continued ) [234] [234] [235] [236] [237] [231] [228] [233] [232] INDIRECT BIOMASS FUEL CELLS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES • 31 Continuous pyrolysis in a bubbling fluidized bed at 500°C Continuous pyrolysis in a bubbling fluidized bed at 500°C Continuous pyrolysis in a bubbling fluidized bed at 500°C 10°C min−1 up to 900°C with no soaking 10°C min−1 up to 900°C with no soaking 5°C min−1 up to 600°C with no soaking 20°C min−1 up to 800°C with no soaking Wheat straw lignina Wheat straw or grass ligninb Hardwood organosolv lignin Crofton weed ligninc Crofton weed lignind Sigma alkali lignin Sigma alkali lignin Sigma lignin b a Extracted by organosov process.

The Asian Biomass Handbook-A Guide for Biomass Production and Utilization. The Japan Institute of Energy. pdf [5] McKendry, P. 2002. ” Bioresource Technology 83, no. 1, pp. 37–46. doi. , and X. Zhuang. 2012. ” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 38, no. 4, pp. 583–98. doi. , S. Sokhansanj, C. Wright, R. Boardman, and N. Yancey. 2011. ” ASABE Annual International Meeting. , L. Zhang, and D. Liu. 2012. “Biomass Recalcitrance. ” Biofuels Bioproducts & Biorefining-Biofpr 6, no. 4, pp. 465–82.

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