Learning as a generative activity : eight learning by Logan Fiorella

By Logan Fiorella

Up to now twenty-five years, researchers have made extraordinary advances in pinpointing powerful studying concepts (i.e., actions the learner engages in in the course of studying which are meant to enhance learning). In studying as a Generative job: 8 studying options That advertise figuring out, Logan Fiorella and Richard E. Mayer proportion 8 evidence-based studying recommendations that advertise knowing: summarizing, mapping, drawing, imagining, self-testing, self-explaining, instructing, and enacting. every one bankruptcy describes and exemplifies a studying method, examines the underlying cognitive concept, evaluates technique effectiveness via examining the most recent study, pinpoints boundary stipulations, and explores functional implications and destiny instructions. each one studying approach ambitions generative studying, within which inexperienced persons actively make experience out of the cloth to allow them to practice their studying to new events. This concise, available creation to studying concepts will profit scholars, researchers, and practitioners in academic psychology, in addition to common readers drawn to the real twenty-first-century ability of regulating one's personal studying

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By Logan Fiorella

Up to now twenty-five years, researchers have made extraordinary advances in pinpointing powerful studying concepts (i.e., actions the learner engages in in the course of studying which are meant to enhance learning). In studying as a Generative job: 8 studying options That advertise figuring out, Logan Fiorella and Richard E. Mayer proportion 8 evidence-based studying recommendations that advertise knowing: summarizing, mapping, drawing, imagining, self-testing, self-explaining, instructing, and enacting. every one bankruptcy describes and exemplifies a studying method, examines the underlying cognitive concept, evaluates technique effectiveness via examining the most recent study, pinpoints boundary stipulations, and explores functional implications and destiny instructions. each one studying approach ambitions generative studying, within which inexperienced persons actively make experience out of the cloth to allow them to practice their studying to new events. This concise, available creation to studying concepts will profit scholars, researchers, and practitioners in academic psychology, in addition to common readers drawn to the real twenty-first-century ability of regulating one's personal studying

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American Educational Research Journal, 27(3), 489–502. 2 Learning by Summarizing Summary Summarizing involves restating the main ideas of a lesson in one’s own words. For example, a student may read a chapter in a history textbook and write a one-sentence summary stating the main idea after each paragraph. The theoretical rationale for summarizing is that it encourages learners to select the most relevant material from a lesson, organize it into a concise representation, and integrate it with their existing knowledge by using their own words.

07. 08 based on four comparisons). Younger learners may benefit from guidance during learning such as providing partially completed maps. Mapping can be an effective learning strategy especially for less able learners, but the material must have a coherent structure and the students may need extensive training before learning and ­guidance during learning. What Is Learning by Mapping? How Does Mapping Foster Learning? What Is the Evidence for Mapping? What Are the Boundary Conditions for Mapping?

89).  109).  45). Wittrock and colleagues tested the educational implications of generative learning theory by showing that students learn better when they are asked to generate summaries (Doctorow, Wittrock, & Marks, 1978), to generate analogies (Wittrock & Alesandrini, 1990), or to use a combination 16 Learning as a Generative Activity of generative learning strategies (Kourilsky & Wittrock, 1992; Linden & Wittrock, 1981).  . Our minds are much more than blank slates that passively learn and record incoming information.

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