By Mauro Agnoletti (auth.), Mauro Agnoletti (eds.)
Sustainable improvement and rural guidelines have pursued recommendations the place farming has been usually considered as an element deteriorating the atmosphere. however the present fiscal, social and environmental difficulties of the Earth most likely demand examples of a favorable integration among human society and nature. This learn paintings provides greater than 100 case stories the place the historic relationships among guy and nature have generated, now not deterioration, yet cultural, environmental, social and monetary values. the implications express that's not in basic terms the industrial face of globalization that's negatively affecting the panorama, but additionally beside the point environmental regulations. The CBD-UNESCO software on biocultural range, the FAO Globally very important Agricultural history structures and several other tasks of the foreign Union of woodland learn agencies, in addition to eu rural regulations recognize the significance of cultural values linked to panorama. This examine intends to help those efforts.
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Additional resources for Italian Historical Rural Landscapes: Cultural Values for the Environment and Rural Development
5 %) and Sicily (10 %). 0 % of shrubland, with a large component of Mediterranean maquis and shrubland. If we consider the sum of all the surfaces classified as “woods” in the inventory, however, the most wooded region in Italy is Sardinia, because here “other wooded areas”, that is sparsely treed areas and areas with shrub vegetation, mainly used for grazing, are the most extensive in Italy. The “woodland” of this region thus abounds with features classified as “low woods”, “low density woods”, “shrubs”, making it very distinctive among Italian landscapes.
After 1930, alternation became rare outside of Sicily and Sardinia. 43 In those years, Italy already held the record for rice-paddy extension among European countries. , ed. (1989): Storia dell’agricoltura italiana in età contemporanea, Marsilio, Padova, 353–450. v. “cereali”. 43 Luraschi A. (1930): I vari aspetti della battaglia del grano: frumenti, farine, paste, Milano. 1 Italian Historical Rural Landscapes: Dynamics, Data Analysis and Research Findings 41 practically all concentrated in four provinces: Vercelli, Pavia, Novara and Milan (our catalogue includes a rice-growing area in the province of Vercelli).
These include the two-branched Puglian system and the pollarding of vines in Calabria and Sicily. “Spurred cordons”, also classified among short-pruned vines, employing poles and later wire have given rise to further systems. As regards vines trained on trees, instead, a very vast range of methods exists. Pergolas, canopies, radial layouts, the Pozzuoli system, single or double-row layouts, and monocultures resulted in incomparable landscape diversity enhanced by the combining of wine-growing with other crops in mixed cultivation systems.