By Mohitpour, Mo; Russell, Jim H.; Yoon, Mike S
A accomplished specialist reference booklet and coaching software protecting hydrocarbon liquid pipeline structures, together with pipeline and appurtenances layout, hydraulics layout, pumping, and storage/terminal amenities designs, in addition to operation and upkeep. either low and high vapor strain and batching platforms are coated. This ebook offers facets of regular country and dynamic hydraulics, mechanical layout and operational concerns concerning pipelines transporting liquid hydrocarbons and petroleum items. moreover, liquid homes very important to the layout of lengthy distance pipelines requiring a number of pump stations and garage amenities are supplied
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Extra info for Hydrocarbon liquid transmission pipeline and storage systems design and operation
Phase behavior of hydrocarbon liquids directly affects liquid pipeline system design and operation. , two-phase flow). The relationship between fluid density or specific volume, pressure and temperature can be very complex and has to be expressed in an equation of state (EOS). To facilitate an easy understanding of phase behavior, the relationship is usually presented graphically. The graphical representation of the relationship is called a phase diagram. In the context of types of hydrocarbon liquids, it is necessary to identify and define the following key points on a typical phase diagram (Figure 2-2).
In the United States liquid pipelines can be traced to the late 1800s in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey . The primary driver for the use of pipelines has always been economic. When oil was discovered and production commenced, crude oil volumes were small and a 14 n Hydrocarbon Liquid Transmission Pipeline and Storage Systems distributed transportation system, such as horse-drawn wagons, trucks, and railroads, was the most efficient means of transporting the oil to refineries where it would be converted into products desired by oil consumers .
The information measured by field instruments is gathered in local Remote Terminal Units (RTUs). It is usual to find RTUs installed at every station along the pipeline. The RTUs transfer the field data to a central control center in real time using communication systems, such as satellite channels, microwave links, land line or cellular phone connections. In the control center, all the data related to field measurement is consolidated in one central database. Such a data is also utilized for accounting purposes.