By Jeremy Bernstein
From April via December of 1945, ten of Nazi Germany's maximum nuclear physicists have been detained via Allied army and intelligence prone in one of those gilded cage at Farm corridor, an English kingdom manor close to Cambridge. The physicists knew the Reich had did not strengthen an atomic bomb, and so they quickly realized, from a BBC radio document on August 6, that the Allies had succeeded of their personal efforts to create this kind of weapon. yet what they didn't understand was once that lots of their conferences and personal conversations have been being monitored and recorded through British brokers. This booklet includes the entire number of transcripts that have been made up of those mystery recordings, supplying an unheard of view of the way the German scientists, together with Nobel Laureates, concept and spoke approximately their roles in the course of the war.
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Extra resources for Hitler’s Uranium Club: The Secret Recordings at Farm Hall
5 I have been much instructed in the details of the German program by Mark Walker’s book German National Socialism and the Quest for Nuclear Power (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1989). I shall refer to this book as GNS. I am also grateful to Professor Walker for very useful correspondence. 6 “Gentlemen . . ” the Farm Hall Transcripts Report 4. 7 Much useful information about Fermi can be found in Enrico Fermi-Physicist, by Emilio Segrè (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1970). I shall refer to this book as FER.
225. PROLOGUE Sir: Some recent work by E. Fermi and L. Szilard, which has been communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Certain aspects of the situation seem to call for watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action on the part of the Administration. I believe, therefore, that it is my duty to bring to your attention the following facts and recommendations. In the course of the last four months it has been made probable—through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America—that it may become possible to set up nuclear chain reactions in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated.
Electrons could undergo quantum jumps from higher to lower Bohr orbits emitting light and other electromagnetic radiation, in the beautiful spectral patterns we observe. But what did the nucleus itself consist of? The simplest atom is that of hydrogen. It has one external electron and a single compensating nuclear positive charge. In the 1920s Rutherford coined the name proton for this particle, and this term is the one we still employ. The next heaviest atom is helium. It has two circulating electrons and therefore two compensating positively charged protons in its nucleus.