By Christopher G. Pernin
This file examines the consequences of utilizing replacement power-generation applied sciences to fulfill destiny strength calls for within the Pacific Northwest quarter of the USA. It concludes that 20 percentage of the hot electrical energy that may be produced by means of natural-gas-fired new release and through dams at the reduce Sanke River should be changed via a mixture of renewable power and effort potency with out a lot effect at the economic system.
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Additional info for Generating Electric Power in the Pacific Northwest : Implications of Alernative Technologies
In the low-technology scenarios, solar-power fixed costs decreased by 20 percent between 2000 and 2020, while wind-power fixed costs decreased by 10 percent. In the average-technology scenarios, the corresponding rates were 40 percent and 20 percent; and in the high-technology scenario, the rates were 60 percent and 30 percent. 5¢/kWh) is assumed for the advanced-technology case. , the corresponding change in price for the doubling of cumulative volume) relative to those of the other technologies.
None of the scenarios shows large changes from the base case, and none of them can be construed as significantly different from no change from the base case. Explaining the impacts of these technology mixes on the economy is complicated. The first impact is the reduction in natural-gas and electricity use and the reduction in revenues from the companies that sell gas and electricity in the region. Significant amounts of natural-gas combined-cycle generation are being displaced, and this has a negative impact on economic growth.
Estimated Costs and Benefits from Removing the Lower Snake River Dams This appendix describes the study from which we obtained the majority of the cost data on the removal of the four lower Snake River dams (Foster Wheeler, 1999). Study Assumptions A 100-year period of analysis was used to assess all project impacts. The base year for the analysis was fiscal year 1998, but the 100-year period extends from the implementation year (2005) through 2104. Benefits and costs incurred during the period of analysis are discounted to the beginning of 2005.