Former People: The Final Days of the Russian Aristocracy by Douglas Smith

By Douglas Smith

Epic in scope, targeted intimately, and heart-breaking in its human drama, Former humans is the 1st booklet to recount the historical past of the aristocracy stuck up within the maelstrom of the Bolshevik Revolution and the construction of Stalin’s Russia. choked with chilling stories of looted palaces and burning estates, of determined flights within the evening from marauding peasants and purple military squaddies, of imprisonment, exile, and execution, it's the tale of the way a centuries’-old elite, recognized for its glittering wealth, its provider to the Tsar and Empire, and its merchandising of the humanities and tradition, was once dispossessed and destroyed in addition to the remainder of previous Russia.

Yet Former humans is additionally a narrative of survival and lodging, of the way the various tsarist ruling class—so-called “former people” and “class enemies”—overcame the mental wounds inflicted through the lack of their international and many years of repression as they struggled to discover a spot for themselves and their households within the new, adversarial order of the Soviet Union. Chronicling the destiny of 2 nice aristocratic families—the Sheremetevs and the Golitsyns—it finds how even within the darkest depths of the phobia, way of life went on.

Told with sensitivity and nuance via acclaimed historian Douglas Smith, Former humans is the dramatic portrait of 2 of Russia’s strongest aristocratic households, and a sweeping account in their place of origin in violent transition.

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By Douglas Smith

Epic in scope, targeted intimately, and heart-breaking in its human drama, Former humans is the 1st booklet to recount the historical past of the aristocracy stuck up within the maelstrom of the Bolshevik Revolution and the construction of Stalin’s Russia. choked with chilling stories of looted palaces and burning estates, of determined flights within the evening from marauding peasants and purple military squaddies, of imprisonment, exile, and execution, it's the tale of the way a centuries’-old elite, recognized for its glittering wealth, its provider to the Tsar and Empire, and its merchandising of the humanities and tradition, was once dispossessed and destroyed in addition to the remainder of previous Russia.

Yet Former humans is additionally a narrative of survival and lodging, of the way the various tsarist ruling class—so-called “former people” and “class enemies”—overcame the mental wounds inflicted through the lack of their international and many years of repression as they struggled to discover a spot for themselves and their households within the new, adversarial order of the Soviet Union. Chronicling the destiny of 2 nice aristocratic families—the Sheremetevs and the Golitsyns—it finds how even within the darkest depths of the phobia, way of life went on.

Told with sensitivity and nuance via acclaimed historian Douglas Smith, Former humans is the dramatic portrait of 2 of Russia’s strongest aristocratic households, and a sweeping account in their place of origin in violent transition.

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Extra resources for Former People: The Final Days of the Russian Aristocracy

Sample text

Ziirrer, op. 40. 28. There are several divergent views in the secondary sources about the area of effectiveness, the viability, the policies and above all the reasons for the failure of the North Caucasian Republican Government of 1917 to 1920. Three participants in the government have published their views. See P. 45-53; V-G. ll9-132; H. 1-30; Soviet sources predictably differ from all the above; but the memoirs of General Denikin contain yet another version. This question deserves investigation.

11 Shamil 's movement was the most successful of the great Muslim resistance movements against the Russian advance in the Caucasus. Soon after the proclamation of Shamil as the imam, an independent state, the 'Imamate of Shamil', was declared. Shamil's state lasted for almost 30 years. 12 During the Crimean War it appeared that the struggle under the leadership of Shamil had a chance of success. When Britain and France entered the war, Shamil envisaged a general Caucasian offensive against the Russians.

40. A. 36-8. 41. 40. 42. This is the title of the English translation by Michael Glenny, published in London by Picador, in 1991. 43. Iu. Desheriev, Zhizn' vo Mgle i Bor'be (Moscow: Paleia, 1995). 44. Bennigsen, op. 74. 45. G. 316. 46. A. T. 410-18. 47. 2. 48. A. Mukhin, 'Sovremennoe Kazachestvo na Severnom Kavkaze', in G. Bordiugov and P. 52. 49. M. Heller and A. 536. 24 Ben Fowkes 50. J. 176. 51. D. 543-97. 52. The Russian initials stand for: Obshchenatsional'rryi Kongress Chechenskogo Naroda.

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