By John Randolph PhD, Gilbert M. Masters
Strength for Sustainability is the 1st undergraduate textbook on renewable strength and effort potency with a different specialise in the group scale. Written by means of of the most important specialists within the box, it's a pedagogically whole remedy of strength resources and makes use of. It examines the complete variety of issuesfrom producing applied sciences to land use planningin making the transition to sustainable energy.
The booklet starts off by way of supplying a old standpoint on strength use by way of human civilizations after which covers strength basics and developments; constructions and effort; sustainable electrical energy; sustainable transportation and land use; and effort coverage and making plans. integrated in those topical parts are in-depth discussions of all the so much promising resources of renewable strength, together with sun photovoltaic structures, wind generators, and biofuels. moreover, the authors provide an intensive presentation of green” construction layout, the influence of land use and transportation styles on strength use, and the regulations had to rework power markets on the neighborhood, nation, and nationwide degrees. all through, the authors first give you the invaluable conception after which reveal the way it might be utilized, using state-of-the-art practices and applied sciences, and the most up-tp-date to be had data.
Since the sunrise of the commercial age, the explosive progress in fiscal productiveness has been fueled by way of oil, coal, and normal gasoline. global strength use approximately doubled among 1975 and 2005. China’s power use has been doubling each decade. the results for the surroundings are wonderful. a method or one other, our reliance on fossil fuels must finish. strength for Sustainability evaluates the choices and is helping scholars know how, with solid making plans and coverage judgements, renewable power and potency can aid international calls for at bills we will affordeconomically, environmentally, and socially.
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Extra info for Energy for Sustainability - Technology, Planning, Policy
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) increased its influence on oil markets and the Arab oil embargo of the United States sent oil prices skyrocketing. Oil shocks in 1980 and 1991 gave a similar message about the volatility of oil supply and price, but the sources of world energy have changed little. 4 shows, the world relied on fossil fuels for 90% and on oil for 46% of its commercial energy in 1980. However, those percentages dropped only slightly by 2005, to 86% and 37%, respectively.
The United States is the world’s largest energy consumer, and its behavior has a significant influence on other developed and developing nations. In addition, if we are to avoid or delay looming impacts of these patterns as the rest of the world develops, there is no better place to start our investigation than by examining the United States. S. S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), an arm of the Department of Energy (DOE). S. energy situation: 1. Energy intensity of the economy has steadily declined while energy use per capita has remained constant.
1, p. 10) has improved significantly. The main drivers of this improvement have been energy efficiency and structural changes in the economy. From 1949 to 1973, energy steadily increased from 215 to 358 million Btu per capita, and energy intensity or the energy required per dollar GDP remained constant at 18 to 20 thousand Btu per $GDP. While most analysts in the early 1970s thought energy per capita might level off, many thought energy and economic growth were inextricably tied. Indeed, this theory was supported when both energy use and the economy declined in the mid-1970s and early 1980s.