Economic Effects of Biofuel Production by Marco Aurélio dos Santos Bernardes

By Marco Aurélio dos Santos Bernardes

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By Marco Aurélio dos Santos Bernardes

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Ii) Going for some starchy crops such as cassava, which are economic, costeffective, stress resistant, easy-managing, and none or little-fertilizing. iii) Using cellulose based bioethanol production to completely replace starch based bioethanol production, such as the use of forests, switch grass and miscanthus. 3 Cellulose based bioethanol production The world's cellulose based bioethanol production is still in the very early stage, maybe in the research and development (RD) stage. The reason why this area is being prefered, may be, 1, Cellulose is the world's largest biomass.

Nutritional characteristics of corn distillers dried grains with solubles as affected by the amounts of grains versus solubles and different processing techniques. Poultry Science, 86, 2624-2630. , Zdunczyk, Z. & Kozlowska, H. 1995. Rapeseed meal Glucosinolates and their antinutritional effects Part 6. Taint in end products. Food/Nahrung, 39, 21-31. McGinn, S. , Chung, Y. , Beauchemin, K. , Iwaasa, A. D. & Grainger, C. 2009. Use of corn distillers' dried grains to reduce enteric methane loss from beef cattle.

These factors limit the current large-scale cellulose based bioethanol production. Prediction from the current situation indicates that in the future the main raw materials for the cellulose based bioethanol production may be, 1, Forest (the main Earth´s biomass). 2, Some fast growing plants such as switch grass, miscanthus, hybrid aspen and willow. 3, Crop residues such as corn stover; rice, wheat and barley straws and cassava stems. 4 Plant oil based biodiesel production In the above, we made the assumption that if the world 600 M cars were bioethanol driven, then a total of about 1,059 billion L bioethanol per year would be of necessity.

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