Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel Production and by Silvia Daniela Romano

By Silvia Daniela Romano

Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel construction and Characterization offers the applying of dielectric thoughts within the construction technique of biodiesel, and within the characterization of biofuels, uncooked fabrics and effluents. during this entire textual content, the reader will locate information regarding biodiesel, construction tactics and biofuel characterization, together with an outline of dielectric strategies which are an invaluable replacement to – and feature a few vital merits over – the tools indicated in overseas standards.

Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel creation and Characterization is written in a language that's effortless for either experts and non-specialists to appreciate. It presents the innovations and instruments wanted for the appliance and correlation of the result of dielectric size with these from different options which are incorporated in foreign criteria. aimed toward a wide viewers, the e-book offers a unified presentation, in a transparent and concise manner, of up to date details that has been amassed from a variety of sources.

Based at the considerable examine and educating adventure of the authors, Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel construction and Characterization might be of curiosity to execs operating within the liquid biofuels undefined, researchers getting into the sphere and likewise complex college scholars on similar courses.

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By Silvia Daniela Romano

Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel construction and Characterization offers the applying of dielectric thoughts within the construction technique of biodiesel, and within the characterization of biofuels, uncooked fabrics and effluents. during this entire textual content, the reader will locate information regarding biodiesel, construction tactics and biofuel characterization, together with an outline of dielectric strategies which are an invaluable replacement to – and feature a few vital merits over – the tools indicated in overseas standards.

Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel creation and Characterization is written in a language that's effortless for either experts and non-specialists to appreciate. It presents the innovations and instruments wanted for the appliance and correlation of the result of dielectric size with these from different options which are incorporated in foreign criteria. aimed toward a wide viewers, the e-book offers a unified presentation, in a transparent and concise manner, of up to date details that has been amassed from a variety of sources.

Based at the considerable examine and educating adventure of the authors, Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel construction and Characterization might be of curiosity to execs operating within the liquid biofuels undefined, researchers getting into the sphere and likewise complex college scholars on similar courses.

Show description

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Extra resources for Dielectric Spectroscopy in Biodiesel Production and Characterization

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Engine manufacturers recommend that the cloud point should be below the intended utilization temperature and no more than 6°C above the pour point. The cetane number is also a very important indicator of fuel quality [38]. It is a measure of the behavior of a fuel in the engine and can only be experimentally determined using a special engine. The measured value represents the percentage of cetane (hexadecane, cetane number = 100) that must be mixed with heptamethylnonane (cetane number = 15) in order to have the same ignition performance of the fuel under test.

Transmission Line Formalism (L & k). Description of the fields is based on guided-wave modes. System parameters are defined and measured through reflection and transmission coefficients. Geometrical Optics (L [[ k). Fields are described in terms of free-space modes. Measurements are based on the amplitude of incident, transmitted and reflected waves in different directions. It is clear from the above that specific experimental techniques must be used for dielectric measurements in each frequency range.

Biomass Bioenergy 11(1):43–50 49. Cvengros J, Povazanec F (1996) Production and treatment of rapeseed oil methyl esters as alternative fuels for diesel engines. Bioresour Technol 55:145–152 50. Noureddini H, Harkey D, Medikonduru V (1998) A countinuous process for the conversion of vegetable oils into methylesters of fatty acids. J Am Oil Chem Soc 75(12):1775–1783 51. Vicente G (2001) Study of the biodiesel production. PhD thesis, Facultad de Química. Universidad Complutense de Madrid 52. Conde Cotes A, Wenzel L (1974) Cinética de la transesterificación del aceite de higuerilla.

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