By Harald Winkler
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Extra info for Cleaner Energy Cooler Climate: Developing Sustainable Energy Solutions for South Africa
Accurate monitoring of emissions may soon be required through the regulations specified in the Air Quality Act (No. 39 of 2004), as well as ensuring that such information is widely disseminated. Diversity of supply is a major goal of energy policy. The energy minister made clear that South Africa intends ‘to use every energy source optimally: coal, gas, oil, nuclear 35 c l e a n e r e n e r g y c o o l e r c l i m at e and renewable energy’ (Mlambo-Ngcuka 2003). Starting from a coal-dominated base, the initial focus in terms of securing supply through diversity has been on importing natural gas from Mozambique and possibly Namibia, as well as more recent finds off the South African coast (Business Day 3 March 20003; Business Day 3 April 20004; DME 2001a).
Stations that are located outside of the north-east, where most coal-fired power stations are concentrated, assist with grid stability in other parts of the country. 3 shows the share of electricity sent out by fuel type (note that percentages of capacity and electricity generation can differ, depending on load factors). 003 – Notes: Negative values: Pumped storage uses more electricity in pumping water up than it generates, and hence is a net consumer. For gas (using aeronautical diesel fuel in jet turbines), Acacia station consumed more for own use in its generation process than it generated in 2000.
Quantified goals were set for delivery of several basic services. For instance, the RDP proposed addressing the housing backlog of some 2 to 3 million houses by aiming to build 300 000 units 31 c l e a n e r e n e r g y c o o l e r c l i m at e each year for the first five years. In the same period, 30 per cent of the land was to be redistributed. In providing basic services of water and sanitation, a short-term target of 25 litres of water per person per day was identified. In the energy sector, the main aim of the RDP was ‘electricity for all’.