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The 1st NATO technological know-how discussion board used to be held in Biarritz in September 1990. This Taormina convention is the second one in a sequence that we want to be an extended one and that i think that it has equalled the luck of its predecessor. In constructing those conferences the NATO technology Committee desired to assemble major specialists to check fields of robust current curiosity.
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79–83, pp. 269 –279. 9. 24) is a necessary condition for exactness, which is adequate for our purposes. For a proof of mathematical sufﬁciency also, see A. J. Rutgers, Physical Chemistry, Interscience, New York, 1954, p. 177, or F. T. , W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 1974, p. 455. 10. Adapted from H. Margenau and G. M. Murphy, Mathematics of Physics and Chemistry, Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ, 1943, pp. 8 –11. CHAPTER 3 THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS Now that we have summarized the historical and mathematical background, the objectives, and the limitations of chemical thermodynamics, we will develop the basic postulates upon which its analytic framework is built.
C. Caratheodory, Math. Ann. 67, 355 (1909); P. Frank, Thermodynamics, Brown University Press, Providence, RI, 1945; J. T. Edsall and J. Wyman, Biophysica1 Chemistry, Vol. 1, Academic Press, New York, 1958; J. G. Kirkwood and I. Oppenheim, Chemical Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961; H. A. Buchdahl, The Concepts of Classical Thermodynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1966; O. Redlich, Rev. Mod. Phys. 40, 556 (1968); H. A. Buchdahl, Am. J. , 17, 41 (1949); 17, 212 (1949).
3 It also should be pointed out that the very deﬁnition of the energy concept precludes the possibility of determining absolute values thermodynamically; that is, we have deﬁned only a method of measuring changes in internal energy. In this regard, a signiﬁcant difference exists between the character of the thermodynamic property energy and that of a property such as volume.