By Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe
This e-book makes a speciality of the hole and exploration of greater than 350 formerly undiscovered caves of the Slovenian Karst, stumbled on in the course of dual carriageway building paintings. The summarizes the making plans of site visitors roads and provides the recent findings received in the course of development, in addition to experiences on newly-discovered karst phenomena and karst waters and their protection.
Earthmoving paintings in the course of building has printed a cross-section of the skin of the Classical Karst, coated karst with recognized underground stone forests and detailed karst in breccia. study carried out in those caves has yielded a few new findings on how the karst floor and underground have been shaped, at the movement of water via karst aquifers, and at the evolution of karst on numerous different types of rock and lower than a variety of stipulations. The paintings used to be written via researchers from the ZRC SAZU Karst learn Institute and the Institute of Geology AS CR. The reader will enjoy the authors’ collaboration with planners and developers, which deals helpful insights for the making plans and execution in their personal actions in karst regions.
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Additional resources for Cave Exploration in Slovenia: Discovering Over 350 New Caves During Motorway Construction on Classical Karst
2). The largest dolines have a diameter of 200 m and a depth of 35 m. The bottoms of some cultivated dolines featured ﬁelds. Old cultivated dolines were revealed in the course of archaeological excavations. The doline bottoms often displayed rocks and stones covered with a layer of soil; alternatively, the soil was overlying thick layers of loam that showed no indication of human intervention. We proceeded with measurements as to the amount of soil that was transported into dolines after humans have begun interfering in this setting.
Several unroofed caves may be lined up in a row. Open semi-circular doline-like forms emerge when the slope is cut off with an old sediment-ﬁlled passage. They may also occur as individual notches on flat terrain or riddling the sides of dolines. In most cases they feature no rocks and may be distinguished from the remaining terrain based on the vegetation, 3 Unroofed Caves Near Kozina and Their Identification provided, of course, there is no cave sediment or flowstone readily identiﬁable on the surface.
Two thirds of the caves ﬁlled with ﬁne-grained alluvium already had a non-existent roof (Figs. 8). Drawing on our experience derived from monitoring the motorway construction in the Karst region, we were able to ﬁnd two unroofed caves as early as the preliminary karstological study of this particular route (Šebela 1996). It is not uncommon that the road cuts off the same passage or cave system several times. Fine-grained alluvium completely ﬁlled all the cracks in caves, preventing the runoff to transport it away.