By Sabit Erşahin, Selim Kapur, Erhan Akça, Ayten Namlı, Hakkı Emrah Erdoğan
This e-book pursues a special process, investigating either the ecological and socio-economic points of carbon administration in Mediterranean ecosystems. All chapters are in keeping with papers initially provided on the 1st Istanbul Carbon Summit, held at Istanbul Technical college, 2–4 April, 2014, and revised following a peer-review process.
The e-book addresses the summit’s 3 major topics – carbon administration, carbon applied sciences, and carbon developments – whereas additionally delivering chapters at the monetary features of carbon administration and the ecological points of the carbon cycle. The chapters on monetary facets study the carbon alternate and its institutional, political, and legislative buildings in several Mediterranean countries, whereas these on ecological features assessment the discourse on and research of the similar ecological components and their suggestions as a result of governance processes.
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Extra info for Carbon Management, Technologies, and Trends in Mediterranean Ecosystems
Greenhouse gas emissions have risen to 70 % for the last 30 years, and in spite of 1997 Kyoto Protocol are expected to double or triple in the 21st century. 8 °C since the late nineteenth century. In addition, 11 of 12 warmest years on record have occurred since 1995 (IPCC 2007). 15 °C per decade since 1975 (IPCC 2007). Atmospheric CO2 has been increasing since industrial revolution. Concentration of CO2 increased from 280 ppm in pre-industrial revolution to 390 ppm in 2010 (Lal 2014). Data on atmospheric CO2 concentration show that rate of increase is not linear.
Evaluation of cropping effects on carbon stocks in arable soils needs evaluating the data across different soil, crop and climate types. Follett et al. (2005) concluded from their ﬁve-year study conducted on an irrigated Vertisol (clayey, smectitic, isotermic, Udic Pellustert) that in a wheat-Been cropping system, N-rate and tillage had no effect on soil’s carbon sequestration, while a considerable carbon sequestration occurred under wheat-corn cropping system with no-till. Srinivasarao et al. (2009) studied carbon stocks for last 25 years at 21 sites under rainfed production system and management regimes on principal soil types and climatic conditions in India.
GSP, 2011: Towards the Establishment of the Global Soil Partnership—Terms of Reference Working Document (Rome: FAO). , 2011: “Soil Carbon Sequestration and Associated Economic Costs for Farming Systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plain: A Meta-Analysis”, in: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 146: 137–146. , 2012: “A Holistic Strategy for Adaptive Land Management”, in: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 67,4: 105A–113A. , 2011: Global Soil Organic Carbon Estimates and the Harmonized World Soil Database.