By P V Glover
1. Surveyors and their instructions2. condominium surveys three. Foundations four. partitions five. flooring 6. Roofs and chimneys 7. Joinery and carpentry eight. Finishes and surfaces nine. prone 10. The record eleven. domestic situation document 12. studies on non-residential constructions thirteen. experiences on apartments and different dwellings in a number of career 14. reviews on new constructions 15. experiences on older structures sixteen. experiences on leasehold houses 17. reviews for potential mortgages 18. a standard construction Survey record 19. felony issues 20. Dilapidations 21. Conservation and the surveyor 22. The surveyor as a professional witness
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Inadequate damp proof membranes in solid concrete ground floors. Integral garages with inadequate protection against spread of fire into the main building. Wet rot to painted softwood frames to porches and conservatories. Cavity walls lacking damp-proof cavity trays and other detail. Tree roots in drains. Inadequate encasement of steelwork and insufficient cover to steel reinforcement. Removal of internal walls and chimney breasts compromising structural stability. Use of spiral and open riser staircases which do not comply with Building Regulations.
These policies, which started life just covering properties for fire, had been progressively expanded to deal with storm damage, burst pipes and other perils. And in the 1970s the cover was extended to include subsidence and landslip (and later heave) with the general level of premium unchanged. 30 Foundations An unintended consequence of this largess by the insurance companies was that following the drought of 1976 there was a massive increase in the number of insurance claims for subsidence and many builders, seeing an obvious business opportunity, set themselves up as underpinning contractors and started to tout for the repair work which was being funded by insurance claims.
Common 1990 foundation. 33 34 Foundations then the structure is at risk from shrinkage of the clay subsoil and damaging foundation movements would be possible during a dry summer. Accordingly, the surveyor should make a note of the locations of all trees and bushes near the building being inspected and record their distances from the main walls, and identify the species of tree involved, confirming whether or not the subsoil may be shrinkable. It should also be confirmed whether specific trees or bushes may be within the curtilage of the property under review, or in adjoining curtilages.