Biofuels by Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme

By Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme

''Biofuels covers the use and conversion applied sciences of biomass as a renewable source to provide bioenergy in a sustainable means, mostly within the type of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It offers a wide assessment of biofuel advancements from either a technical and a cheap perspective. the various construction applied sciences for biofuels that exist or are below improvement are commonly lined intensive, facing both Read more...

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By Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme

''Biofuels covers the use and conversion applied sciences of biomass as a renewable source to provide bioenergy in a sustainable means, mostly within the type of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It offers a wide assessment of biofuel advancements from either a technical and a cheap perspective. the various construction applied sciences for biofuels that exist or are below improvement are commonly lined intensive, facing both Read more...

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15 Looking Upstream Farmers can work with crop science companies – such as Monsanto, Pioneer and Syngenta for corn and soybeans or Ceres and Mendel Biotechnology for perennial grasses – to obtain new cropping systems with traits that are desirable for increasing the margins from the crops and achieve sustainable production. Companies looking at plants as sources for chemicals and plastics, like Metabolix, ADM, National Starch and Allylix have a potential partner for growing the desired crops, recovering the expressed ‘value added’ material and processing the remainder.

19. Sheehan, John, Andy Aden, Keith Paustian, Kendrick Killian, John Brenner et al. (2003) Energy and environmental aspects of using corn stover for fuel ethanol, J. Ind. Ecology 7(3–4). 20. Levelton Engineering Ltd. and (S&T)2 Consultants Inc. (2000) ‘Assessment of Net Emissions of Greenhouse Gases From Ethanol-Blended Gasoline in Canada: Lignocellulosic Feedstocks,’ Report to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. htm. 21. A. J. Gale (2000) ‘Carbon dynamics of surface residue– and root-derived organic matter under simulated no-till,’ Soil Sci.

Soybean stubble is the surface material left after harvesting of the soy beans. Soybean stubble provides roughly the same feedstock quantity per acre as straw from dryland cereal grains. Little has published about its removal. More than 60 % of current soybean acres are no-till, and stubble availability could be considerably larger than straw, especially when a cover crop is included in the rotation to maintain soil quality. Alternatively, stubble availability could be negligible if high corn stover yields drive farmers towards adoption of continuous corn.

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