Basic Ideas and Concepts in Nuclear Physics - An Intro. by K. Heyde

By K. Heyde

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By K. Heyde

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2 THE DECAY LAW The rate at which a radioactive substance disintegrates (and thus the rate of release of particles) depends on the isotopic species, but there is a definite “decay law” that governs the process. In a given time period, say 1 second, each nucleus of a given isotopic species has the same chance of decay. If we were able to watch one nucleus, it might decay in the next instant, or a few days later, or even hundreds of years later. Such statistical behavior is described by a constant property of the atom called half-life.

2 Particle collisions. 45 46 CHAPTER 4 Nuclear Processes s (sigma) and called the microscopic cross section, is the ratio of the target area to the area of the tube, which is 1 cm2. A, the programs MOVENEUT and CURRENT show graphically the flow of neutrons in a column. 2[B]). 2(C)). All of them in a column of volume (1 cm2) (u cm) ¼ u cm3 will sweep past a point at which we watch each second. If there are n particles per cubic centimeter, then the number per unit time that crosses any unit area perpendicular to the stream direction is nu, called the current density.

Dunford, and Philip F. Rose, 1988; Academic Press, New York.

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