By Richard Folkson
Most autos run on fossil fuels, and this provides an incredible emissions challenge as call for for gasoline maintains to extend. Alternative Fuels and complex automobile applied sciences gives an summary of key advancements in complicated fuels and automobile applied sciences to enhance the strength potency and environmental effect of the automobile zone.
Part I considers the function of other fuels comparable to electrical energy, alcohol, and hydrogen gasoline cells, in addition to complex ingredients and oils, in environmentally sustainable delivery. half II explores equipment of revising engine and car layout to enhance environmental functionality and gasoline economic climate. It includes chapters on advancements in layout, aerodynamics, combustion, and transmission. ultimately, half III outlines advancements in electrical and hybrid automobile applied sciences, and gives an summary of the advantages and obstacles of those autos by way of their environmental influence, protection, fee, and layout practicalities.
Alternative Fuels and complicated car applied sciences is a typical reference for execs, engineers, and researchers within the automobile quarter, in addition to automobile brands, gasoline approach builders, and teachers with an curiosity during this field.
- Provides a broad-ranging assessment of modern learn into complicated fuels and car applied sciences that would be instrumental in bettering the power potency and environmental influence of the automobile sector
- Reviews the advance of different fuels, extra effective engines, and powertrain applied sciences, in addition to hybrid and electrical car technologies
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Extra info for Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance. Towards Zero Carbon Transportation
In both cases energy is supplied to the process to convert feed stocks to a higher level of chemical availability (Edwards, 2012). By combining hydrogen with CO2 it can be chemically liquefied into a high energy density hydrocarbon fuel. Clearly, if the captured CO2 stems from the combustion of fossil energy resources this approach is not renewable and will still result in an increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration. , 2011). In a closed-cycle fuel production process ideally there is no net release of non-renewable CO2.
2011) to produce fuel under present market economics. , 2011; Ganley, 2009) and other promising technologies are emerging. Graves et al. (2011) describes the use of high temperature co-electrolysis of CO2 and H2O giving close to 100% electricity-to-syngas efficiency for use in conventional FT reactors. This ultra-efficient high temperature electrolysis process using solid oxide cells combined with a claimed CO2 capture energy (from atmospheric air) as low as 50 kJ/mol. (Lackner, 2009) leads to a prediction of an electricity-to-liquid efficiency of 70% (HHV basis).
The very low net gravimetric and volumetric energy densities (including the mass/volume of the fuel/energy containment system) of current technology batteries are shown for lead-acid, nickel-metal hydride (NiMH), and lithium ion chemistries in Fig. 1. To match the range of a conventional gasoline-fuelled vehicle with a 50-litre fuel tank would require a useable battery capacity of approximately a 100 kWh, accounting for the greater tank-to-wheel (TTW) efficiency of an electric vehicle. 1 Net system volumetric and gravimetric energy densities for various on-board energy carriers (based on lower heating values).