A History of Russia: Medieval, Modern, Contemporary c. by Paul Dukes

By Paul Dukes

Is today’s Russia in a position to democracy, the loose industry, and a pluralist ideology? during this new version of A background of Russia, Paul Dukes investigates those questions, taking into complete account the intense alterations that experience happened because the arrival of first Mikhail Gorbachev after which Boris Yeltsin. considerably increased and rewritten, this re-creation units those occasions in the context of over 1100 years of Russian heritage. Dukes reports the successive levels in Russian background from medieval Kiev and Muscovy to the present post-Soviet Union, with specific sections on political, fiscal, and cultural points of every period.
With its breadth of scope and conciseness of presentation, this 3rd version of A heritage of Russia might be necessary to scholars of ecu and Russian historical past, and in addition to scholars of Russian language, literature, and social science.

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By Paul Dukes

Is today’s Russia in a position to democracy, the loose industry, and a pluralist ideology? during this new version of A background of Russia, Paul Dukes investigates those questions, taking into complete account the intense alterations that experience happened because the arrival of first Mikhail Gorbachev after which Boris Yeltsin. considerably increased and rewritten, this re-creation units those occasions in the context of over 1100 years of Russian heritage. Dukes reports the successive levels in Russian background from medieval Kiev and Muscovy to the present post-Soviet Union, with specific sections on political, fiscal, and cultural points of every period.
With its breadth of scope and conciseness of presentation, this 3rd version of A heritage of Russia might be necessary to scholars of ecu and Russian historical past, and in addition to scholars of Russian language, literature, and social science.

Show description

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Extra info for A History of Russia: Medieval, Modern, Contemporary c. 882–1996

Example text

He continued: 20 MEDIEVAL RUSSIA: KIEV TO MOSCOW You no sooner cross the threshold than you come under the spell of its grandeur and magnificence: its imposing interior, its austere proportions, its ornate mosaics and frescoes captivate you by their perfection even before you have had an opportunity to examine the details and to comprehend what it was the creators of this outstanding work of architecture and painting had in mind. 25 Foreign visitors, too, might well find themselves echoing Grekov's words, not only in Kiev but also in Novgorod, Suzdal and Vladimir.

2 Invasion and Disunity, 1240-1462 At the beginning of the thirteenth century, the Mongols under Chingis (or Genghis) Khan began the great conquests that brought upon the Russian principalities the much-lamented Mongol or Tatar 'yoke'. 1 To Mongol historians, on the other hand, Chingis Khan is an Alexander the Great, and the empire set up by him constitutes a high point of history rather than a low. Chinese historians have also stressed the positive side of the Mongol impact, one of them, Han Ju-Lin, writing of Chingis Khan that 'his war horses broke through the iron walls of forty large and small states in which the people had become locked.

While Kliuchevskii attributed little significance to the Mongols, and other historians have emphasised only the negative aspects of the 'Tatar yoke'. Vernadsky was a skilled and moderate advocate of the 'Eurasian' view that the Muscovite state contained a considerable admixture of Mongol elements in its political, social, economic and cultural aspects. Concentrating for the moment on government and society, let us take a brieflook at Vernadsky's exposition. He asserted that if the mixed (partly monarchic, aristocratic and democratic) system of Kiev is contrasted with the absolutism of Moscow, then obviously and necessarily 'the process of the transformation of the free society into a service-bound society started during the Mongol period although it was not completed until as late as the mid-seventeenth century'.

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